cellular manufacturing

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cellular manufacturing

or

group technology

a means of obtaining the benefits of PROCESS-FOCUSED LAYOUT and PRODUCT-FOCUSED LAYOUT by seeking similarities within tasks, jobs, products and processes. These are identified and formed into families and the resources required are formed into ‘groups’ or ‘cells’. The net effect is to reduce work in progress, set up times and throughput times as well as creating better social relationships amongst employees using the system. The technique relies on a coding system (see PARTS FAMILY CODING AND CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS). The components need not be for the same product but will all be worked on in the same cell.

Cellular manufacturing applications have the following characteristics:

groups are team oriented, groups produce or carry out a specific ‘family’ or set of tasks or products, groups are equipped with a specific set of equipment solely for the use of the group, equipment is located in one area – the cell, the workers within the group share a specific target and the group operates as independently as possible self assigning workloads within the cell. See LEAN MANUFACTURING.

References in periodicals archive ?
He will also assume the position as chief commercial officer and represent group commercial and group technology in group executive management, effective 8 October 2015.
According to the American Banker/Tower Group technology survey, 20 percent of banks maintain systems that are 15 to 20 years old, and 46 percent still operate systems that are 20 to 25 years old.