Somewhere between operations Desert Shield (the defense of Saudi Arabia) and Desert Storm (the war with Iraq over its invasion of Kuwait), it was quietly decided that we needed to kill Gramm-Rudman
until this military situation was past.
In Part II, we apply our analysis to a wide range of entrenchment-related problems, including the validity of the Senate cloture rules, the Gramm-Rudman
law, legislatively enacted canons of statutory interpretation, statutes that regulate internal congressional procedures, government contracts, treaties, and entrenchment within the executive and judicial branches.
After briefly summarizing his family background, formative years, and pre-Washington career, Rudman paints four pictures of the contemporary Senate at work: the Gramm-Rudman
deficit reduction law; the investigation of the Iran-Contra affair; the nomination of David Souter, his close friend, to the Supreme Court; and the ethics problems raised by the so-called Keating Five.
If Congress decides it wants to, it may merely ignore the amendment without penalty, as it does now with other laws, such as Gramm-Rudman
and the Bill of Rights.
It is worthwhile to note that one of the prime features of George Bush's 1990 budget deal with Congress--besides doing away with the effective Gramm-Rudman
spending limits--was a record tax hike, similar to Bill Clinton's.
In 1990, once Congress realized it couldn't keep pace with G-R's schedule--and realized how ugly across the board cuts would be--it voted itself out of the Gramm-Rudman
They call our attention to the simply disgusting duplicity of the administration and most of both parties in Congress in disguising real budget deficits with saved-ahead Social Security Trust Funds to "meet" Gramm-Rudman
targets-a practice that does matter, economically and morally, because we're making future workers pay back what we have proudly claimed we were now investing.
deficit, budget dissensus, and the less than satisfactory performance of the Gramm-Rudman
deficit reduction procedure) argues against the likelihood of such restraint in the U.
Another worry is the possibility that, if real GNP growth were less than 1 percent again in the first quarter, the Gramm-Rudman
deficit targets could be suspended.
Another gimmick used to meet Gramm-Rudman
targets is to shift federal paydays from the next fiscal year to the current year.
If properly structured, Rumbaugh explained that such a program would have minimal impact on the budget deficit, and would therefore be consistent with Gramm-Rudman
guidelines and the President's pledge not to raise taxes.
Froelich, after the passage of the Gramm-Rudman
Act, which effectively blocked the government from allotting funds to combat health care costs in favor of reducing the deficit, Sen.