gold standard

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Gold standard

An international monetary system in which currencies are defined in terms of their gold content, and payment imbalances between countries are settled in gold. It was in effect from about 1870 to 1914.
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Gold Standard

A system whereby a currency is linked to the value of gold. That is, one would be able to exchange one unit of the currency for so many ounces of gold on demand. The gold standard makes monetary policy independent from policymaker decisions. Many currencies have been linked to gold over the years, most recently under the Bretton Woods System. The gold standard reduces the likelihood of inflation, but tends to cause higher interest rates and renders a country less able to pursue full employment. The gold standard contrasts with fiat money. See also: Cross of Gold, Silver Standard.
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gold standard

A monetary system under which a country's money is defined in terms of gold and convertible into a fixed quantity of gold. A gold standard effectively takes monetary policy out of the hands of government policymakers. While use of the gold standard reduces the likelihood of inflation, the accompanying inability to pursue other economic goals, such as full employment or reduced interest rates, has resulted in the gold standard's fall from favor.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.

Gold standard.

The gold standard is a monetary system that measures the relative value of a currency against a specific amount of gold.

It was developed in England in the early 18th century when the scientist Sir Isaac Newton was Master of the English Mint. By the late 19th century, the gold standard was used throughout the world.

The United States was on the gold standard until 1971, when it stopped redeeming its paper currency for gold.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

gold standard

an INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM in which GOLD forms the basis of countries’ domestic MONEY SUPPLY and is used to finance INTERNATIONAL TRADE and BALANCE OF PAYMENTS deficits.

Under the gold standard, EXCHANGE RATES were rigidly fixed in terms of gold. (The gold standard was widely adopted in the 19th century and operated down to the early 1930s.) In theory, the gold standard provided an automatic ADJUSTMENT MECHANISM for eliminating payments imbalances between countries: deficits were financed by outward gold transfers that reduced the domestic MONEY SUPPLY. This in turn deflated (see DEFLATION) the domestic price level, making IMPORTS relatively more expensive and EXPORTS relatively cheaper, thereby reducing the volume of imports and increasing the volume of exports. Surpluses were financed by inward gold transfers, which increased the domestic money supply. This in turn inflated (see INFLATION) the domestic price level, making imports relatively cheaper and exports relatively more expensive, resulting in a fall in the volume of exports and an increase in the volume of imports. In this way, both deficits and surpluses were removed and BALANCE OF PAYMENTS EQUILIBRIUM restored. In practice, however, countries found that a combination of rigidly fixed exchange rates and the complete subordination of domestic economic policy to the external situation was too onerous and opted for more flexible arrangements. See FIXED EXCHANGE RATE SYSTEM, INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND.

Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
of the 19th century, the country had a constitutional gold standard.
the international gold standard serve their purposes.
We examine the consensus view of the gold standard in light of this standard of comparative institutional analysis.
To properly assess the consensus view on the major problems of the gold standard that Bernanke (2012a; 2012b) surveys, it is first necessary to define the gold standard and its practical application.
It is that between a gold standard founded on custom-based or "private" law, and one resting upon statute or "public" law, that is, on government legislation.
Pendine Park Care Homes Gold Standard Training Programme for Care Homes.
These authors also seem to understate the extent to which the Fed and other central banks' deliberate management of the gold-exchange standard prevented monetary adjustment in the period 1929-33 from resembling the pattern of equilibrium typical of the classical gold standard. Indeed, none of the "gold standard" critics specifies the attributes of a true--classical--gold standard.
The gold standard programme is backed by NHS Kirklees, formerly the Kirklees Primary Care Trust, which is responsible for all health services delivered in the local community.
The question whether the gold standard, and fixed exchange rates in general, leads to volatile credit fluctuations and financial instability is a crucial one when considering the viability of a fixed exchange rate regime.
The stability of the prewar versus the interwar gold standard, for example, is often ascribed to the former's greater automaticity of adjustment, whereas Eichengreen points out that in the prewar period central banks never mechanically restricted (expanded) credit in response to gold outflows (inflows).
First, we present some estimates of the resource costs of the classical gold standard. While standard estimates assume that the classical-style gold standard requires that 1.5-2.5 percent of annual real output be dedicated toward monetary gold production (Friedman 1953, 1960), recent revisions, based on a more realistic fractional reserve banking practice of the actual gold standard era, revise this number significantly downward, to about 0.05 percent of GDP (White 1999).
Two transitional paths suggest themselves (1) let a parallel gold standard grow up alongside the current fiat dollar, and (2) set a date after which the U.S.