Song et al., "Validity and sensitivity to change of the extended Glasgow Outcome Scale
in mild to moderate traumatic brain injury," Journal of Neurotrauma, vol.
Disability after severe head injury: Observations on the use of the Glasgow Outcome Scale
. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 44, 285-293.
Finally the outcome of traumatic brain injury patients were assessed by extended Glasgow outcome scale
. Mortality (1) was seen in 42% of patients, severe disability was seen in 8% of case, moderate disability (5-6) was seen in 22% and good recovery (7-8) was seen in 28% of patients in our study.
AIS-H = abbreviated injury score of the head region; CI = confidence interval; CPP = cerebral perfusion pressure; DI = diabetes insipidus; F = female; CCS = Glasgow Coma Scale; COS = Glasgow Outcome Scale
; GOS-E = extended Glasgow Outcome Scale
; HF = high fever; mild TBI = GCS of 13-15; HR = heart rate; HT = hypothermia; HTN = hypertension; ICP = intracranial pressure; IICP = increased intracranial pressure; LOS = length of stay; M = male; MAP = mean arterial pressure; MiF = mild fever; moderate TBI = GCS of 9-12; MoF = moderate fever; NT = normothermia; OR = odds ratio; SBIF = secondary brain injury factors; SBP = systolic blood pressure; severe TBI = GCS of 3-8; TBI = traumatic brain injury; temp = temperature; tx = treatment; WBC = white blood cell count.
Glasgow Outcome Scale
: an inter-rater reliability study.
In case of subarachnoid aneurysm hemorrhage (SAH), functional capacity is usually assessed using Rankin Scale (RS; Greebe, Rinkel, Hop, Visser-Meily, & Algra, 2010; Rankin, 1957), Functional Independence Measure (Kara, Yozbatiran, & Arda, 2007; Saciri & Kos, 2002), Glasgow Outcome Scale
(GOS; Jennett & Bond, 1975; Koivisto et al., 2000), and Functional Status Examination (FSE; Dikmen, Machamer, Miller, Doctor, & Temkin, 2001; Kirkness et al., 2002) as well as Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale
(GOSE; Wilson, Pettigrew, & Yeasdale, 1998) and Kamofsky Performance Scale (Chiang, Claus, & Awad, 2000; Karnofsky, 1961).
Glasgow Outcome Scale
(GOS; Jennett & Bond 1975; Kim et al., 2005), Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale
(Kirkness et al., 2002; Wilson, Pettigrew, & Teasdale, 1998), Barthel Index (Kim et al., 2005; Mahoney & Barthel 1965), Kamofsky Performance Scale (Chiang, Claus, & Awad, 2000; Kamofsky, 1961), Rankin Scale (Greebe et al., 2010; Rankin, 1957), Functional Status Examination (Kirkness et al., 2002), Short Form-36 (Ware & Sherboume, 1992), and Sickness Impact Profile (Bergner, Bobbit, Carter, & Gilson, 1981) are the most common scales used for functional assessment of patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage, aneurysm, or angioma caused by ruptured aneurysm.
Although he did not use a specific measure of QOL, Alexander measured health and functioning by using the Glasgow Outcome Scale
, open-ended questions, and physical and neurological examination.
These categories collectively are known as the Glasgow Outcome Scale
(GOS; Jennett & Bond, 1975) and will be discussed further in the following sections of this paper.
Outcomes were assessed at 3 months using the Glasgow Outcome Scale
(GOS) and Modified Rankin Scale (MRS).
Cognitive sequelae of severe head injury in relation to the Glasgow Outcome Scale
. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 49, 549-553.
This article describes outcome at 3 months after aneurysmal SAH in 61 patients, using the Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale
(GOSE) and the Functional Status Examination (FSE).