Uygucgil, "Reliability and validity of the Geriatric Depression Scale
in depression in Parkinsons disease," Journal of Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, vol.
Ertan et al., "Reliability and validity of the Geriatric Depression Scale
in detection of poststroke minor depression," Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, vol.
p Less than 0.05; FABQ-PA Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire- Physical Activity; GDS Geriatric Depression Scale
I: The acceptability and performance of the 15 item Geriatric Depression Scale
(GDS15) and the development of short versions.
"Psychometric evaluation of the Geriatric Depression Scale
(GDS): supporting its use in health care settings," Clinical Gerontologist, Vol.23, pp.57-68
Construct validity of the 15-Item Geriatric Depression Scale
in older medical inpatients.
The Geriatric Depression Scale
, on the other hand, was adopted from Brink and Yesavage (1982) who freely allowed interested researchers to use the instrument.
The correlation between quality of life and pain intensity and level of depression GDS Pain VAS r P r P SF-36 subscales Physical functioning -0.436 (**) 0.001 -0.375 (**) 0.001 Social functioning -0.635 (**) 0.001 -0.431 (**) 0.001 Role physical -0.197 (*) 0.031 -0.441 (**) 0.001 Role emotional -0.434 (**) 0.001 -0.273 (**) 0.003 Mental health -0.664 (**) 0.001 -0.194 (*) 0.034 Vitality -0.730 (**) 0.001 -0.393 (**) 0.001 Bodily pain -0.385 (**) 0.001 -0.854 (**) 0.001 General health -0.703 (**) 0.001 -0.274 (**) 0.002 Pain VAS 0.280 (**) 0.002 GDS: Geriatric depression scale
, VAS: Visual analogue scale, SF-36: Short form-36
The German version of the 15 item Geriatric Depression Scale
(GDS) was incorporated in the interview.
The Mini-Mental State Examination and Geriatric Depression Scale
(GDS) were used to screen for dementia and depression, respectively [14-15].
Data were also reviewed from routine facility assessments including the MiniMental (Rover & Folstein, 1987), Geriatric Depression Scale
12 Residential (GDS12-R, Sutcliffe et al., 2000; Jongenelis et al., 2005), pain assessment, sleeping assessment, behavioural and cultural issues (from the RCS) and clinical progress notes.
At the 16-month follow-up, the investigators screened the patients using the Geriatric Depression Scale
, and they measured cognitive abilities using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE).