We do know that genetic manipulations
have produced mice and, in some cases, primates with enhanced traits crucial for athletic performance, including increased muscle function, prolonged endurance, and elevated blood production.
Without strong democracy and true transparency, this kind of discrimination can be used to justify human genetic manipulation
, manifested in eugenics programs.
Through genetic manipulation
, the team developed mice without OPN and compared them with wild mice after hanging both groups by their tails for two weeks, eliminating leg stress.
Australian environmental group GeneEthics has raised concerns about the regulation of the project, with its director Bob Phelps saying genetic manipulation
of goats was not clearly covered under Australia's voluntary Genetic Manipulation
Advisory Committee (GMAC).
Ultimately, definitive demonstration that any candidate virulence factor plays a role in pathogenesis is best accomplished by genetic manipulation
. For example, disruption of a candidate gene should abolish the ability of the mutated pathogen to elicit disease in an animal model of infection, and reintroduction of the wild-type gene should reestablish virulence.
Unlike cloning, which can only recreate from a single genetic template germline therapy's potential for genetic manipulation
is limited only by human imagination and desire, while its impact potentially cuts across generations of humanity.
In his book, Re-Making Eden: How Cloning and Beyond Will Change the Human Family, Princeton cell biologist Lee Silver looks forward to a future in which the health, appearance, personality, cognitive ability, sensory capacity and life-span of children all become artifacts of genetic manipulation
. Silver acknowledges that the costs of these technologies will limit their widespread adoption, so that over time society will segregate into the "GenRich" who control "the economy, the media, the entertainment industry and the knowledge industry," and the "Naturals," who "work as low-paid service providers or as laborers."
"New biotechnology is just an extension, or refinement, of the kinds of genetic manipulation
that plant and animal breeders have done for centuries," says Henry Miller of the Hoover Institution.
Prince Charles hit out at genetic manipulation
of food last week.
With contributors from six of the world's major producer countries, the chapters cover world wheat production and utilization, the contribution of wheat to the world's food supply and human nutrition, bread-wheat quality, how to classify and grade wheat, flour milling developments, bread baking technology research, wheat proteins, wheat carbohydrates, wheat lipids, enzymes of sprouted wheat, soft wheat quality for biscuit, cookies and crackers, durum wheat for pasta production, starch, glutens and extruded products, genetics of wheat quality and the safety of genetic manipulation
of food crops.
I think the run-of-the-mill consumer, if there is such a thing, can get concerned where it becomes a moral or ethical issue with regard to genetic manipulation
. Such people are especially leery of interspecies genetic manipulation
American science-fiction writer noted as the author of the best-selling Dune series of futuristic novels, a group of highly complex works that explored such themes as ecology, human evolution, the consequences of genetic manipulation
, and mystical and psychic possibilities.