Toward system principles: general system theory
and the alternative approach.
The single most important element behind SOD is so-called general system theory
(GST), first explained by the Austrian biologist Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901-1972) in an article in 1945.
Using general system theory
(GST) (Bertalanffy, 1968) principles, I examine effective IT use and compare it with the typical way information has been exchanged among agencies; the major difference is the way in which the client is incorporated in the information flow.
In the general system theory
, a breakdown in the individual classroom or home creates breakdowns in all other systems, impacting the global system.
Ludwig von Bertalanffy: Perspectives on General System Theory