the third chapter Baltie cukas ir klat [White pigs are arriving] on arrival of the Caucasian (white-skinned) Gastarbeiters (Muktupavela 2002a:30-38).
We take 'intercultural literature', a fluid and dynamic concept, as an umbrella term to account for some aspects of exile, migrant, Gastarbeiter literature.
Muktupavela is more in the mainstream frame of poor and abused female Gastarbeiter, while Lacitis describes the alternative culture of squatters and drug consumers.
And indeed - both above mentioned jubilee "Gastarbeiter"(7) can be seen as representatives of the first generation of labour migrants from the former Yugoslavia in Germany, who at the beginning of their migration had vastly the intention to return to their homeland, be it next year or one day.
Workers from Yugoslavia were functionally labeled as "Yugoslav employees" by German ministerial bureaucracy, whereas in public the term "Gastarbeiter" was common, which emphasized their status as welcomed guests who were expected to work hard and leave when their (wo)manpower was no longer needed.
500.000 "Gastarbeiter", SWR International, see http://www.swr.de/international/de/-/d=233334/nid=233334/did=6735382/1rnup88/index.html, 12.2.2011
(7.) In the FR Germany using the term "Gastarbeiter" (guestworkers) to denote former labour migrants is no longer accurate, as many former "guests" have become permanent residents.
At school I was trained for kirche, kinder and kuche, the ding an sich for a girl who, of course, was not to mix with dirty gastarbeiters
This phenomenon, known as guest-workers or gastarbeiters, has recently been extensively explored by Serbian anthropologist Dragana Antonijevic.
Nevertheless, the way the Zepters themselves have constructed, negotiated and even in interviews publicly interpreted their liminal temporariness between Monte Carlo, Paris and Serbia, is something that brings their specific story closer to the world of migration itineraries and cultural identity dynamics typical for gastarbeiters' life stories.
"Those who leave the country are no longer just gastarbeiters
but emigrants," says Ismaili.