Further, the estimated coefficient for lngdpcap is not statistically significant, suggesting that, conditional on self-employed share of hours in agriculture, differences in GDP per capita do not explain differences in gap ratios.
The reason being that in this case, the true wage gap would be even smaller than that observed in the data, which leads to even larger gap ratios and, hence, indicates more severe mismeasurement.
It was shown that relatively thick films with gap ratios close to unity are not limited by air entrainment at ambient conditions.
In contrast to that, the gap ratio effects the whole orientation of the triangle, which would be turned toward positive pressure gradients for smaller film heights or higher gaps.
As noted by Osberg and Xu (1999), the SST index combines the poverty rate, the average poverty gap ratio, and inequality in poverty gaps and, unlike many other poverty measures, can be decomposed into three components: (1) the percentage change in the poverty rate; (2) the percentage change in the average poverty gap ratio among the poor; and (3) the Gini index of inequality in the poverty gap ratios of the entire population.
Finally, the Gini coefficient values for the poverty gap ratio were computed using an income inequality calculator.
Based on group and meta-distance functions, we also compute technology gap ratios to compare the relative efficiency levels of domestic and foreign manufacturing firms.
In order to estimate technical efficiency and technology gap ratios using data envelopment analysis, we utilize the DEAP computer program developed by Coelli (1998).
For very narrow gap ratios the free shear layer of the front of the cylinder attaches to the downstream cylinder thus stopping the Karman vortices to develop.
The flow behaviour is asymmetric for both these configurations which are owed to the narrow gap ratios.
However in the case of some indicators such as unemployment and infant mortality that represent a higher percentage as a worse of condition, male to female ratio is calculated so that uniformly the gender gap ratios
come on a scale of zero to one and any number closer to zero is lower than any number closer to one.
The range of wet thickness-to-slot gap ratio
(h/H) was from 0.