GNP

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GNP

Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

Gross National Product

A measure of the value of what a country's citizens produce in a given year, whether or not the production occurred in that country. To calculate GNP, one takes the GDP and adds to it all earnings made by domestic citizens in a different country. One then subtracts from this quantity all earnings made in the home country by non-citizens. GNP is less commonly used now because it has become a less accurate tool for calculating what a domestic economy produces, as more countries have citizens working abroad.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Gross national product (GNP).

The gross national product is a measure of a country's economic output -- the total value of all the goods and services that it produces in a particular year. The GNP is similar to the gross domestic product (GDP), but not exactly the same.

Unlike the GDP, the GNP includes the income generated by investments owned outside the country by its citizens, and excludes any income earned on domestic soil by noncitizens or organizations based elsewhere.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

GNP

see GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

GNP

see GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy (Nicolet IR200, Thermo Scientific, USA) was used to confirm the alkylation of the neat GNPs. KBr powder was mixed with a GNPs sample at 99:1 weight ratio then a disc-shaped pellet was prepared for the FTIR analysis.
Figure 3 shows the photoluminescence spectra of GNPs doped homogeneous planar NLCs, where the concentrations of GNPs are 5*[10.sup.9] particles/ml, 9*[10.sup.9] particles/ml, 1.3*[10.sup.10] particles/ml, 1.8*[10.sup.10] particles/ml, and 2.5*[10.sup.10] particles/ml, respectively; and the gold nanoparticle size is 13 nm in diameter.
The enhancement of the MacEtch process achieved using photoillumination was attributed to the trapping of light by the GNPs on the Si substrate surface, which improved the etching efficiency.
Gold Nanoparticles (GNPs) are amongst one of the most extensively studied areas since the first report of gold colloids by Faraday dates back to more than 100 years ago (2).
To determine the cytotoxic effects of 5-ALA, GNPs and their combination, experiments were performed in four groups.
Considering the fact that GNPs are relatively stable and nontoxic, we explored the antibacterial activity of the synthesized GNPs against gram positive and gram negative bacteria.
In fact, malpractice litigation is at a very low rate for NPs and particularly for GNPs, as indicated by the low insurance premiums for GNPs -- approximately $200-$300 per year.
Nursing homes typically employ GNPs primarily to improve care to patients.
The aim of the present study was to assess the potential of three grades of GNP, differing in their preparation processing and resulting sizes, on PP/GNP composites properties.
The as-prepared GNPs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM, Tencai F20).