Futures contract

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Related to Future Contracts: Forward Contracts

Futures contract

A legally binding agreement to buy or sell a commodity or financial instrument in a designated future month at a price agreed upon at the initiation of the contract by the buyer and seller. Futures contracts are standardized according to the quality, quantity, and delivery time and location for each commodity. A futures contract differs from an option in that an option gives one of the counterparties a right and the other an obligation to buy or sell, while a futures contract is the represents an obligation to both counterparties, one to deliver and the other to accept delivery. A future is part of a class of securities called derivatives, so named because such securities derive their value from the worth of an underlying investment.

Futures Contract

An agreement to buy or sell an asset at a certain date at a certain price. That is, Investor A may make a contract with Farmer B in which A agrees to buy a certain number of bushels of B's corn at $15 per bushel. This contract must be honored whether the price of corn goes to $1 or $100 per bushel. Futures contracts can help reduce volatility in certain markets, but they contain the risks inherent to all speculative investing. These contracts may be sold on the secondary market, but the person holding the contract at its end must take delivery of the underlying asset. Futures contract are standard instruments; that is, unlike forward contracts, their provisions are standardized. As such, they may be traded on an exchange.

futures contract

An agreement to take (that is, by the buyer) or make (that is, by the seller) delivery of a specific commodity on a particular date. The commodities and contracts are standardized in order that an active resale market will exist. Futures contracts are available for a variety of items including grains, metals, and foreign currencies. See also Section 1256 contracts.

Futures contract.

Futures contracts, when they trade on regulated futures exchanges, obligate you to buy or sell a specified quantity of the underlying product for a specific price on a specific date.

The underlying product could be a commodity, stock index, security, or currency.

Because all the terms of a listed futures contract are structured by the exchange, you can offset your contract and get out of your obligation by buying or selling an opposing contract before the settlement date.

Futures contracts provide some investors, called hedgers, a measure of protection from price volatility on the open market.

For example, wine manufacturers are protected when a bad crop pushes grape prices up on the spot market if they hold a futures contract to buy the grapes at a lower price. Grape growers are also protected if prices drop dramatically -- if, for example, there's a surplus caused by a bumper crop -- provided they have a contract to sell at a higher price.

Unlike hedgers, speculators use futures contracts to seek profits on price changes. For example, speculators can make (or lose) money, no matter what happens to the grapes, depending on what they paid for the futures contract and what they must pay to offset it.

References in periodicals archive ?
PHILADELPHIA -- Signed LB Brandon Hepburn, RB Matthew Tucker and WR Arrelious Benn to future contracts.
BUFFALO -- Signed G Alex Kupper to a future contract.
The council voted unanimously Tuesday night to extend local waste haulers' existing contracts one year, directed city staff members to open negotiations for future contracts, and appropriated $25,000 for legal fees and industry research to guide the staff in upcoming bargaining talks.
Additionally, the company has been working hard to establish a pipeline of future contracts.
Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, XET's status of supplier of choice for future contracts for electronic subsystems discussed in this press release, the possibility that the contract for electronic subsystems discussed herein may not carry on into 2004 and those factors contained in the "Risk Factors" Section of the Company's Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2002.
The company intends that these projections specifically concerning future contracts awarded, and operational performance opinions and financial estimates in future quarters be "forward-looking" and subject to the "Safe Harbors" thereby created by them.
All financial projections and future contract award opinions by management, which are not historical are management's and are subject to changes based upon future operational results.

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