For each pair of states (e.g., New Mexico and Hawaii), values from their observed

frequency table (e.g., Table 1) are used in equation (1) to calculate an observed correlation coefficient (see Trafimow and Rice (2008) for proofs for all equations).

To this end, HLA haplotype

frequency tables from the National Marrow Donor Program from 2007 and 2011 were both used separately to identify all potential high-resolution HLA genotypes from a serological split level HLA typing [22, 23].

Table 3.1:

Frequency table of the respondents in terms of formal political participation items.

Apart from the consumption of tomatoes and onions which are usually used for most Ghanaian dishes, there was low consumption of fruits and vegetables as indicated by the food

frequency table (Table 8).

Second, a more specific

frequency table was constructed by organizing all the responses in each category into a set of headings and subheadings.

We could also take a quick look to verify that the data is not strictly balanced, and we can use Analyze/ One-Way

Frequency tables to get counts and percentages.

Cohen takes an accessible, conversation approach when introducing the conceptual foundations and basic of statistic procedures, a practice he continues with material on

frequency tables, graphs, distributions, measures of central tendency and variability, standardized scores and the normal distribution, hypothesis testing with one or two samples, internal estimation and the t distribution, the t test for two independent sample means, statistical power and effect size, linear correlation and regression, the matched t test, one-way independent ANOVA and two-way ANOVA, multiple regression and its connection to ANOVA, nonparametric statistics, chi-square tests and statistical tests for ordinal data.

First, in the likelihood ratio chi square ([G.sup.2]) the expected frequencies are estimated by maximum likelihood methods and, second, because the likelihood ratio chi square ([G.sup.2]) can produce more powerful test of conditional independence in multiway

frequency tables.

In addition, they were asked to generate

frequency tables and the mean, mode, median, and standard deviation.

Continuous data don't lend themselves well to

frequency tables because they often contain too many individual observations with insufficient frequency to be of much use.

Users can now customize reports with

frequency tables, pie charts, banner reports, and top box summaries that can be shared companywide in several formats (PDF, PowerPoint, or Word), he said.

Frequency tables were used to analyze the gathered data.