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Three months of a year, often abbreviated as "Q." Q1 is January, February, and March; Q2 is April, May, and June; and so forth. Publicly traded companies must report on their earnings and other business performance measures every three months. Analysts also use quarters to measure performance internally. For example, one might compare sales in Q1 of 2009 to those in Q1 of 2008 to measure the company's health without having to account for seasonal variance. Often, quarters are abbreviated along with the calendar year; for example, the second quarter of 2006 is expressed as Q2 2006 or Q2/06.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved


1. One quarter of a point. For bond quotes, a quarter represents one quarter of 1% of par, or $2.50. Thus, a bond quoted at 91 2/4 is being offered for $917.50.
2. A 3-month period that represents 25% of a fiscal year.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.


The financial world splits up its calendar into four quarters, each three months long.

If January to March is the first quarter, April to June is the second quarter, and so on, though a company's first quarter does not have to begin in January.

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires all publicly held US companies to publish a quarterly report, officially known as Form 10-Q, describing their financial results for the quarter. These reports and the predictions that market analysts make about them often have an impact on a company's stock price.

For example, if analysts predict that a certain company will have earnings of 55 cents a share in a quarter, and the results beat those expectations, the price of the company's stock may increase. But if the earnings are less than expected, even by a penny or two, the stock price may drop, at least for a time.

However, this pattern doesn't always hold true, and other forces may influence investor sentiment about the stock.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.


One-fourth of a year. For 2007, January, February, and March would be written as 1Q07; April,May,and June would be 2Q07,and so on.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
* Revenue was $737 million, an increase of 33 percent compared to the fourth quarter last year as reported, and 31 percent on a constant currency basis.
* JUVEDERM[R] Collection (defined as JUVEDERM[R], VOLUMA[R] and other fillers) net revenues in the fourth quarter of 2018 were $158.4 million, an increase of 13.5 percent versus the prior year quarter
Also, the value of manufactured goods exports rose by 14.97 per cent in the fourth quarter of 2018 when compared with the value recorded in third quarter 2018 but decreased 36.6 per cent against the corresponding quarter in 2017.
There were 138 one-to-three family dwelling sales in City Island / Pelham Bay / Pelham Strip / Country Club / Throgs Neck / Schuylerville in the fourth quarter of 2018, a 10 percent increase year-over-year.
Also, the cost of sending remittances from Australia to Lebanon was 7.65 percent in the fourth quarter of 2015 compared to 7.47 percent in the third quarter and 6.88 percent in the fourth quarter of 2014.
MBA reported that 94 percent of the firms in the study posted per-tax net financial profits in the fourth quarter. That was down from 97 percent reporting such profits in the third quarter of last year.
In the fourth quarter of 2011, the EU external balance of trade in services was in surplus by EUR 31.4 billion, compared with a surplus of EUR 25.1 billion in the fourth quarter of 2010.
Revenue, excluding real estate, is USD135.9m in the fourth quarter of 2011, an increase of 10 percent from the fourth quarter of 2010.
Hyatt Hotels Records Higher $52 Million Fourth Quarter Net Income.
Adjusted EPS and adjusted net income for the fourth quarter and full year 2011 and 2010 exclude, for the applicable periods, a charge for a legal settlement; certain expenses related to acquisitions, impairments and cost-savings initiatives; non-cash interest expense associated with our convertible notes; the income tax benefit as a result of resolving certain non-routine transfer pricing issues with tax authorities and certain other items.