Fourth market

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Fourth market

Refers to the practice of institutional investors trading large blocks of securities directly to avoid brokerage commissions. See: Instinet.
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Fourth Market

The over-the-counter market for the sale of listed securities between institutional investors. For example, if a mutual fund sells stock in Google to a hedge fund without going through an exchange, the transaction is said to occur on the fourth market. These transactions occur in large blocks without the use of brokers, which save counterparties from significant fees.
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fourth market

The market for securities in which large investors bypass exchanges and dealers in order to trade directly among themselves. Compare secondary market, third market. See also Autex, Instinetr.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.

Fourth market.

Institutional investors, including mutual fund companies and pension funds, who trade large blocks of securities among themselves are operating in what's called the fourth market.

Usually, the transactions are handled through electronic communications networks (ECNs).

Among the appeals of using an ECN are reduced trading costs, the ability to trade after hours, and the fact that offers to buy and sell are matched anonymously.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.