Fama (1984) in particular has investigated the latter area, and many attempts have been made to explain the so-called forward discount
puzzle that he popularized.
1996: The forward discount
anomaly and the risk premium: A survey of recent evidence.
[8.] Engel, Charles (1996) The Forward Discount
Anomaly and the Risk Premium: A Survey of Recent Evidence, in Journal of Empirical Finance, vol.
This strategy involves selling currencies forward that are at a forward premium and buying currencies forward that are at a forward discount
. The second strategy relies on a particular regression to forecast the payoff to selling currencies forward.
* Hedge effectiveness is assessed by comparing the change in the value of the derivative attributable to changes in spot rates, excluding any changes in forward discount
or premium, with the change in the value of the hedged item.
In addition the real growth rate g and the real forward discount
rates r and k may vary by year.
Interest Rate Data Source: CITIBASE data tape Series: 1-month certificate of deposit rate Mexican Interest Rate Data Source: Subdireccion de Investigacion Economica, Indicadores Economicos Series: 1-month certificate of deposit rate Forward Discount
Rate Data Source: Data Resources Inc.
I use the forward discount
, [fd.sub.t.T] = [S.sub.t] - [f.sub.t,T] to measure the interest rate differential i.e., [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] between the foreign country and the U.S.
"Rational Inattention: A Solution to the Forward Discount
Puzzle" Discussant: Nelson Mark, University of Notre Dame and NBER
Perhaps the most important continuing mystery of international finance is the "forward discount
premium puzzle"; countries with high interest rates tend to have appreciating rather than depreciating currencies.
Royal Jordanian adds more luxury to the services it offers to its economy class passengers through the one-time Lounge Access Voucher and the Lounge Pass for multiple trips, enabling its customers to experience the comfort and relaxing ambiance of the Crown Lounge at super low prices, said Pichler, adding that RJ will continue putting forward discounts
and offers on tickets to the different destinations on its global network throughout 2018.