Fordism

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Fordism

a form of MASS PRODUCTION characterized by a high degree of job specialization, so called after the pattern of WORK ORGANIZATION and JOB DESIGN extolled by American car entrepreneur Henry Ford (1863-1947). Large numbers of a product could be produced for a mass market using assembly line technology where each worker performs a single task over and over again. Although high specialization can have efficiency advantages this form of work organization is often associated with low levels of JOB SATISFACTION, high LABOUR TURNOVER and ABSENTEEISM and high levels of CONFLICT and INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jeremy So it seems from all this that there's a kind of convergence historically, between, on the one hand, the revolt against Fordist discipline and, on the other hand, the superseding of some of the limits of Fordist production in consumer retail and industrial production; and there's also a history of a network of organisations which you've traced back through the history of the Co-ops.
Arguably, employment relations analysis has been slow to integrate the globalisation of employment into theoretical frameworks originally founded on the Fordist economies of developed nation-states.
Due to a combination of inter-related features, including the exhaustion of the productivity-realising potential of mechanised Taylorism in lead sectors (De Vroey, 1984), the resistance of workers to intensified exploitation and job fragmentation (Braverman, 1974; Aglietta, 1979), the internationalisation of production (Ivanova, 2011), the erosion of US hegemony, the 1970s oil shock and the crisis of the post-War Bretton Woods financial institutions (De Vroey, 1984), Fordist countries began to run into serious, and ultimately insurmountable, obstacles from the early 1970s onwards.
These studies acknowledge that an increasing number of women entering the labor market has become a defining feature of advanced capitalism, thanks to the decline of the Fordist era (and the industrial male) and the gains made by the feminist movement; they contend, however, that this 'feminization' of work cannot be equated with gender equality (Jenson, 1989; McDowell, 2004; Walby, 1989).
The decline of Fordist production gives rise to a new capitalist subjectivity that Peters summarizes in the figure of the "empiricist in chief," who rapaciously exploits the new untamable nature of the post-Fordist anomie (477).
of Frankfurt am Main, Germany) examines the current realities and potential futures of collective bargaining in Chinese industrial relations, drawing lessons from a comparative examination of the formation and functioning of the historical models of collective bargaining in the US and Germany during the periods of the rise and fall of Fordist wage regulation.
Authentic[TM] argues for a three-part conceptualization of contemporary consumer marketing: from Fordist standardized mass consumption, through post-Fordist niche marketing, to contemporary neoliberal, individuated branding.
In defining the growth of the symbolic economy, the authors depend on the Fordist and Post-Fordist distinctions made by media political economists and have more to do with media practices than directly with the growth of the various media economies.
She defines the Fordist accord as an "accommodation" between the state, capital and labour that ensured productivity and profits for business while also protecting wages and stability for workers.
Many students and teachers at all levels of the Australian education system (primary, secondary and tertiary) are still comfortable with the Fordist mode of production and consumption where teachers are the information gatherers, producers and transmitters of knowledge to the masses of students, using a 'knowledge telling approach' to education, "where each stage of the .
Clearly, an overview of how the landscape of Detroit has been shaped by Fordist production, race riots, "white flight" and suburbanization, disinvestment, traumatic deindustrialization, and processes of gentrification is far beyond the scope of this article.
Naked Lunch points forward towards the practices of contemporary globalization as much as it addresses the forms of global exploitation that were central to the Fordist era.