Fordism


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Fordism

a form of MASS PRODUCTION characterized by a high degree of job specialization, so called after the pattern of WORK ORGANIZATION and JOB DESIGN extolled by American car entrepreneur Henry Ford (1863-1947). Large numbers of a product could be produced for a mass market using assembly line technology where each worker performs a single task over and over again. Although high specialization can have efficiency advantages this form of work organization is often associated with low levels of JOB SATISFACTION, high LABOUR TURNOVER and ABSENTEEISM and high levels of CONFLICT and INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most discussion of market regulation presume a particular kind of capitalism, that associated with Fordism. Under Fordism, the principal function of markets is to maximize allocative and productive efficiencies so as to maximize social (material) welfare.
Gramsci, Antonio, 'The Modern Prince' and 'Americanism and Fordism' in Selections from the Prison Notebooks, trans.
While the company's founder, Henry Ford, himself, never used the term "Fordism," the way he ran things at the time were considered revolutionary, and to this day they continue to live up with the standard they have built on.
To explain the posited relationship simply: the classic techniques of disciplinary power identified by Foucault in studies such as Discipline and Pun ish can clearly be identified with some of the key organisational techniques which defined Fordism as a novel form of capitalism, at the level both of the factory and of the general social formation.
"Fordism," the one-two punch of modern manufacturing techniques and high wages, quickly revolutionized not just the auto industry, but American society, and made the USA a worldwide industrial power.
India innovated by applying Fordism to their health care system.
We thus discuss the novella as an esoteric allegory for the decline of the unique configuration of post-war Australian capitalism which, using the concepts and methodology of the PRA, we dub antipodean Fordism (Heino, 2014).
manufacturing industries, Fordism and deindustrialisation, degraded work vs.
Taking the measure of Toronto's political "Fordism" requires some deeper reflection.
Conversation topics include consumer society, the move away from Fordism, rising education costs, soaring inequalities, crowdsourcing, globalization and localism, and more.
The characteristics of Fordism have to be first examined before analyzing their difference with post-Fordism.
"Charlie Chaplin's movie 'Modern Times,' depicting the tragicomic story of a worker who loses his mind within the notion of 'Fordism,' was shot in 1936.