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Related to Fibrous cap: atheroma, fibrous capsule, Foam cells


An upper limit on the interest rate on a floating-rate note (FRN) or an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM). Also, an OTC derivatives contract consisting of a series of European interest rate call options; used to protect an issuer of floating-rate debt from interest rate increases. Each individual call option within the cap is called a caplet. Opposite of a floor.


1. Informal for market capitalization.

2. In a floating-rate note or an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM), the highest possible interest rate. For example, if one has an adjustable-rate mortgage on a house, the interest rate fluctuates periodically. However, if the homeowner has a cap on the interest rate, there is a guarantee that it will never rise above a certain percent, no matter what the ARM formula would otherwise dictate. A cap is designed to protect the person or company making the interest payments. See also: Floor, Collar.


1. An upper limit on the interest rate to be paid on a floating-rate note.


A cap is a ceiling, or the highest level to which something can go.

For example, an interest rate cap limits the amount by which an interest rate can be increased over a specific period of time. A typical cap on an adjustable rate mortgage (ARM) limits interest rate increases to two percentage points annually and six percentage points over the term of the loan.

In a different example, the cap on your annual contribution to an individual retirement account (IRA) is $4,000 for 2006 and 2007 and $5,000 in 2008, provided you have earned at least that much. If you're 50 or older, you can make an additional catch-up contribution of $1,000 each year.




A ceiling on the adjustments that can be made in the payments or interest rate of an adjustable-rate loan.


Same as Float-Down.

References in periodicals archive ?
In our current study, chronic stress increased plaque vulnerability to rupture, characterized with thinner fibrous caps, larger lipid cores, more macrophages and new vessels but less SMCs and elastic fibers.
Volumetric Quantification of Fibrous Caps Using Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography.
Pickering, "Cloning of a novel prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit expressed in the fibrous cap of human atherosclerotic plaque," Circulation, vol.
Unstable plaques with thinner fibrous caps and an excess of inflammatory cells in the outer region (47,52,53) are prone to induce acute thrombosis and subsequent cardiac events.
If components within the wall, like the soft gruel, are unable to bear the imposed load, the stress is redistributed to adjacent structures, such as the fibrous cap over gruel, where it may critically concentrate.
In most patients, myocardial infarctions occur as a result of thinning or erosion of the fibrous cap, often at the shoulders of the lesion where macrophages enter and accumulate.
sup][4] Types of fibrous caps were observed in 3D-TOF: (1) Thick and intact fibrous caps : Uniform hypointensity band between lumens of hyperintensities and plaques of moderate intensity; (2) Thin and intact fibrous caps : Hypointensity band was not detected, but smooth lumen surface can be displayed in other sequences; (3) Disrupted fibrous caps : Interrupted hypointensity band or no hypointensity band, irregular lumen surface was detected in other sequences.
By double fluorescent immunochemistry, the expression of LC3-II increased in the SMCs of the fibrous cap, the macrophages, and the microvascular ECs of the plaque shoulders.
Histologically, the markers of plaque vulnerability include a thin fibrous cap, a necrotic core, and macrophage infiltration.
If the atheroma does not fissure, the smooth muscle cells within the intima will lay down collagen, forming a dense fibrous cap characteristic of a Type V lesion or fibroatheroma.
Fibrous cap appearance is the most important feature for determining prognosis, Dr.