(redirected from Federal Labor Law)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia.


The collective action in which employees do not come to work as a form of protest. That is, in a strike, workers deprive employers of their services. Often, though not always, strikers also stand outside their workplace to stage protests. A strike occurs when employees wish to force the employer to pay them better wages or benefits or to improve working conditions. Strikes are usually orchestrated by a union.


a stoppage of work by a group of workers as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on the employer. In the UK most strikes arise out of disputes over pay and conditions of employment. In the UK strike activity is normally measured in three ways: the number of stoppages, the number of workers involved, and the number of working days lost per 1000 employees. Of these the best indicator of ‘strike proneness’ (i.e. how likely workers are to take industrial action) is the number of working days lost per 1000 employees, because it captures more of the intensity and extent of stoppages than the other indices.

Strikes are generally both a protest and an attempt to secure concessions from employers. Their effectiveness is premised on the costs of a loss of output and the damage of relationships with suppliers, customers and employees that a stoppage of work can result in. However, strikes are costly to employees too since they usually suffer a loss of earnings for the duration of the stoppage. Employees therefore often take alternative forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION, such as overtime bans, which are considerably cheaper. The conduct of strikes by unions is regulated by LABOUR LAW in the UK. A postal ballot of employees must be held, and employers must be given advance notice of the strike, for the strike to be lawful (and hence TRADE UNION IMMUNITIES to be retained). SECONDARY ACTION is unlawful.


a stoppage of work by a group of employees as part of an INDUSTRIAL DISPUTE, with the aim of bringing pressure to bear on their employer. Strikes may be ‘official’ or ‘unofficial’, the former being backed by the employees’ TRADE UNION. Strikes often are a last resort tactic when negotiated attempts (see INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS) to agree pay levels and working conditions and where other forms of INDUSTRIAL ACTION (for example, overtime bans, ‘go-slows’, ‘work-to-rules’) fail to achieve the desired results. See EMPLOYMENT


References in periodicals archive ?
Nursing home RNs generally are, and almost always have been, supervisors under federal labor law, and LPNs have always been charge nurses.
Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit unanimously affirmed two National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) decisions that the ILWU is guilty of violating federal labor laws.
The Board had found that Federal labor law did not give a union the right to picket and hand out leaflets to customers on an employer's property.
The Guild, which represents about 1,200 Post employees, said Thursday that the NLRB's General Counsel concluded that the Post had "repeatedly" violated federal labor law beginning in 2006 for failing to bargain with the union over employee work on WTWP, Washington Post Radio.
When Lockyer initially announced his investigation, some labor attorneys argued that his suspicions about the legality of the pact were unfounded due to broad exemptions in federal labor law that allow for companies bargaining in a bloc - like Albertson's, Vons and Ralphs - to act in ways that would generally be in violation of antitrust laws.
It sprang from deep philosophic roots in the federal labor law we live under, and the premises of that law, inherited from the New Deal, unfortunately have not changed.
According to the court, a proposal contravening Federal labor law may still be fair, equitable, and necessary for the debtor's reorganization, in which case Federal bankruptcy policies prevail.
The union also alleges that Golden Mark was charged by the National Labor Relations Board for repeatedly violating federal labor law and paid $190,000 to settle a lawsuit under the Fair Labor Standards Act charging the company with underpaying over 100 workers, according to the release.
Kennedy declared in one of the decisions, a case from Maine holding that state employees cannot bring suits for violations of federal labor law.

Full browser ?