Fatah


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Fatah

A secular, left-wing political party that forms the largest component of the Palestinian Liberation Organization. It is a nationalist party that advocates a Palestinian state in the whole region of Palestine, including the parts claimed by Israel, though some factions within Fatah have backed away from this latter platform. Unlike its main rival, Hamas, it is not regarded as a terrorist group. It was established in 1958.
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Reports said on Tuesday that clashes between Fatah al-Sham and government force in the Southwestern parts of Damascus entered a new stage.
Moreover, Jabhat Fatah al-Sham's alleged participation in massacres like at Adra in 2013 as Nusra Front has yet to fade from the memory of their critics and enemies.
Hamas has been the ruling authority in the Gaza Strip since 2007, when it won the parliamentary elections, defeating the then ruling Fatah party.
Will Fatah have the courage to implement the declaration?
Sources also said Abbas was planning to expel a number of Fatah members including those present in Lebanon's refugee camps.
The radio stations in Gaza quoted Fatah officials as saying they proposed possible holding of presidential and legislative elections.
Though shunned by the West, Hamas feels bolstered by the electoral gains of Islamist political movements in neighbouring Egypt and elsewhere in the region - a confidence reflected in the fact Friday's Fatah demonstration was allowed to take place.
It remains to be seen how Fatah and Hamas can reconcile their differing views on both internal governance and how to approach relations with Israel.
Around 5,000 Fatah members in Gaza will participate in the celebrations, a senior Fatah official in Gaza said Friday, and security at the events will be tightened to ensure celebrations go to plan.
Jamal Mhaisen, a member of the Fatah Central Committee, said that the movement's decision-making body "ratified the decision after Dahlan failed to appeal his sacking decision.
Fatah controls the West Bank and Hamas rules Gaza, territory that Palestinians want for a future state culminating from peace negotiations with Israel.
Egypt is trying to reconcile rival factions Fatah and Islamist Hamas and last week proposed holding elections during the first half of 2010 to allow more time to work out a power-sharing deal between the two rival groups.