The model indicates that a fair rate of return
on underwriting is the negative of risk-free interest rate multiplied by the fund-generating coefficient "a"plus the risk premium of underwriting.
At present, interest rates of 45 percent are probably a fair rate of return
to both the community investor and the co-op.
The Commission further explained that athe aid is both necessary and proportionate, in line with the requirements of the so-called "Fair Rate of Return
" methodology which determines the level of incentives required to attract private investors to participate in urban development projects.
"Our primary concern throughout this process is to ensure that we are able to achieve a fair rate of return
in order to continue our investment in the future of the UK's communications infrastructure."
Incentives for private investors will be limited to the minimum necessary to trigger urban projects and may not exceed a fair rate of return
established through a competitive process or, where that is not possible, by an independent expert.
Memorable points amongst the 20 priorities listed in the ETUC document are: developing a European energy solidarity pact; creating a "democratic" European energy agency to promote a common energy policy; ensuring energy bills reflect just prices (socially fair, affordable, based on fair rate of return
and not on excessive profit taking); protecting vulnerable energy consumers and reducing the energy bill of low and medium-income households.
Harrington, eds., Fair Rate of Return
in Property Liability Insurance, Norwell, MA: Kluwer-Nijhoff Publishing Co.
These include removing current barriers to investment and making sure that anyone who chooses to invest in fibre can earn a fair rate of return
for their shareholders.
We pay pounds 45bn already in the UK and we don't get anywhere near a fair rate of return
The report points out that the major challenge facing several countries in Europe is to establish a sustainable health care model in which generics can provide savings to payers and innovative drugs can provide a fair rate of return
Insurers are constitutionally entitled to earn a fair rate of return
. (4) But state insurance departments generally do not specify a single return level or a range of returns as "fair," and insurers have used rates of return in rate filings that are as low as 4 percent and as high as 20 percent.