Civil Rights Act of 1968

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Fair Housing Act

Legislation in the United States, passed in 1968, that prohibited discrimination in the sale or rental of a private home based on the buyer's or renter's race, religion, or national origin. The Act was later amended to include gender, ability, and families with children under its protected classes. Critics allege that it provides few enforcement mechanisms and discrimination still occurs. It is also called the Civil Rights Act of 1968. See also: Community Reinvestment Act.
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Civil Rights Act of 1968

Expanded upon prior civil rights acts, especially the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Act was passed one week after the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King. One improvement was the provision of federal solutions to aid in stopping discrimination. Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968 is also known as the Fair Housing Act. Additional information is available at the Web site of the U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division,www.usdoj.gov/crt/crt-home.html.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Fair Housing Act of 1968 was a good law in its intent, the idea being to make a direct statement through federal civil rights law that the basic human need for shelter (housing of all types--homes, apartments, mobile homes, condominiums, etc.) could not be denied for arbitrary reasons, such as race, color, religion and national origin.
The Fair Housing Act of 1968 split Fannie Mae into two separate pieces: Fannie Mae, for the purchase of conventional mortgages that conformed to specific underwriting standards; and the Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA), better known as Ginnie Mae, for providing a guaranty backed by the full faith and credit of the United States for the timely payment of principal and interest on mortgage-backed securities (MBS) secured by pools of government home loans.
Civil Rights Commission, in which she is a member, by the 1957 Civil Rights Act which laid the foundation for landmark civil rights legislations such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968.
Forty years after the Fair Housing Act of 1968, housing markets are still segmented by class and race, what realtors politely call location, location, location.
The Fair Housing Act of 1968 marks its 40th anniversary this April.
In Housing Segregation in Suburban America Since 1960, Charles Lamb opens a window into the early struggle for enforcement and interpretation of the Fair Housing Act of 1968 to explain two key outcomes.
Under the Fair Housing Act of 1968, anyone who wishes to do so can file a complaint at any HUD office around the country.
He added that there are those who feel that we, as a nation, should be beyond this problem because of the passage of the civil rights laws (the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968).
For example, the federal Fair Housing Act of 1968 and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act of 1974 outlawed racial discrimination in mortgage lending and related credit transactions, and in 1975, Congress enacted the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA), which requires most mortgage lenders to disclose the geographic location of their mortgage lending activity.
While most cities do their utmost to follow the requirements of the Fair Housing Act of 1968, and the Fair Housing Act Amendments of 1988, "Godfrey said, "they are still looking to the federal government for clear guidance so they can avoid claims of fair housing abuses and Department of Justice law suits."

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