Outward migration and inward FDI: Factor mobility
between eastern and western Europe.
My more recent research has explored how factor mobility
across locations influences the welfare gains from trade in goods.
The increase in factor mobility
and improved communication systems make tax bases more mobile and make tax avoidance less costly.
Transport improvements are required to connect markets, boost factor mobility
, and help modernise Ghana's urban economies.
Here, several speakers emphasized that the rich literature on optimum currency areas can be a valuable reference, as it discusses mitigating factors such as factor mobility
, diversification, financial integration, and fiscal mechanisms in the face of such asymmetric shocks.
In the absence of full wage and price flexibility, the criteria for constituting an OCA is the existence of a high degree of production factor mobility
within the area in question.
Communality values, eigen values and factor mobility
properties indicate that the concentrations of Fe, Cr influenced by surface water and ground water form a ferrochrome which occurred earlier than Ni, Co in settling ponds.
The neighboring countries in South Asia having political animosities are not ready to take advantage of the interactions between geography, transportation, factor mobility
and scale economies.
Nineteen contributions are arranged under the broad themes of factor mobility
(transnational corporations, labor migration); agriculture and environment; and quantification of effects of integration.
In fact, if diminishing marginal returns were always valid, with factor mobility
economic activities would be relatively uniformly distributed over space: Cities may disappear, and the huge income differences between developed countries and developing countries may disappear.
Absent factor mobility
, fiscal transfers across countries could also ease the adjustment to temporary shocks without recourse to exchange-rate changes.