The right L4-L5 facet joint
was visualized by fluoroscopy.
KEYWORDS: Facet joint
, Spinal stenosis, Radiculopathy, Triamcinolone.
Local soft tissue involvement includes the supraspinous ligaments, paraspinous musculature, facet joint
capsules, dura and intervertebral disc [80, 81].
Radiofrequency therapy has been used for 30 years in pain syndromes caused by cervicogenic headache, medulla spinalis injuries, intercostal neuralgia, back pain due to facet joint
dysfunction, discogenic pain, and sacroiliac joint pain [30, 31].
We explored three hypotheses: (1) there were more back muscle activities and less front muscle activities in LDH patients; (2) in the lumbar pathological region, the compressive forces decreased while the anteroposterior shear forces increased in patients with LDH; and (3) there were more interventions of facet joint
in the LDH group.
Surgical excision of ganglion cysts of the cervical spine with posterior laminectomy appears to be a straightforward for decompressing the spinal cord, removing the ganglion cysts, addressing the connection to the facet joint
, and taking histologic specimens for definitive diagnosis.
A conclusive diagnosis cannot rely solely on radiology: anamnesis and laboratory findings stand as cornerstones of the preoperative diagnosis: for example, in our case, there was no history of previous malignancies, coagulation disorders, or infections and laboratory findings did not disclose relevant findings, and preoperative MRI (Figure 1) demonstrated the facet joint
classified these into interspinous spacer, pedicle screw-based, and total facet joint
replacement systems .
Also known as facet joint
syndrome, osteoarthritis is one of the main causes of chronic back pain and describes the degeneration of the motion segment in the spine, which leads to chronic inflammation and pain.
Presence and extent of severe facet joint
osteoarthritis are associated with back pain in older adults.
(1,5) Although cervical facet joint
infection is the least common site for pyogenic infection in the axial skeleton, several studies have helped elucidate a typical presentation.
(3,11) Intra-articular meniscoids have been found in the majority (86%) of the cervical spine facet joints
. (12) Previous literature has described three types of synovial folds that include type I, which are adipose tissue and crescent shaped, type II which are elliptical shaped and project into the facet joint
and type III which are made of fibrous tissue and are ragged shaped.