FMEA represents the most popular approach for assessing the criticality level of the failures of products, processes or even complex systems (Ookalkar, Joshi, & Ookalkar 2009; Sawhney, Subburaman, Sonntag, Rao, Rao, & Capizzi 2010; De Souza & Carpinetti, 2014; Lolli, Gamberini, Rimini, & Pulga 2016).
Based on the analysis of literature and the results of the years of research in the field of improvement of operation, test sheet, analysis of ParetoLorenz, indicators of damage, Ishikawa diagram, FMEA, and QFD were chosen.
Therefore, regarding the critical activities prioritized by the professionals, the expertise of the researcher on some of the design methods inherent to such activities and the fact that some design methods provide better results than a PDP activity, it was decided that QFD (Quality Function Deployment) and FMEA (Failure Mode and Effects Analysis) should be implemented in the action research company.
These range from bullet types--individual pieces, such as Ishakawa fishbone charts, numerous models of ranking risks such as FMEA, and design of experiment (DoE) software--to combinations of the pieces.
It provides powerful insights on Six Sigma methodology and tools, such as, Value Stream Map, Lean Thinking, Risk Management, Project Management, FMEA - Failure Mode and Effects Analysis, Kaizen, Robotic Process Automation and Artificial Intelligence, Root Cause Analysis, Case Studies, amongst others.