Black Box

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Black Box

1. Any complex investment strategy or model. In general, a black box involves a computer using complicated formulas to achieve returns in the desired way. Because an investor may not understand the model (and may not be able to do so), a black box can lead to unforeseen problems. See also: Black box syndrome.

2. In Islamic finance, a strategy that allows one to invest funds in a Sharia-compliant way but still link the returns to non-compliant investments. Using a black box is very controversial and some Islamic finance scholars reject it as un-Islamic.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a speech after his second election, FDR said, "We are beginning to wipe out the line that divides the practical from the ideal; and in so doing we are fashioning an instrument of unimagined power for the establishment of a morally better world....
FDR's mounting personal problems made 1940 a tough year.
(3) if i = 1, so that the FDR procedure will be more sensitive to detecting false null hypotheses to the extent that Eq.
Fujifilm's FDR Clinica X-ray Components offer cost-effective digital x-ray solutions with features designed to enhance workflow and improve patient care, particularly in active outpatient settings.
McNutt and the Age of FDR is a very well written and researched piece that will serve as a remembrance of one of Indiana's most effective Governors, who was--for a brief moment--a possible candidate for the highest office in American politics.
When, beginning in the 1920s, FDR set out to institutionalize the cause of reform to an unprecedented degree, the Democratic Party was an "uneasy alliance of seamy northern urban machines and reactionary southern ruralists," observes Hamby.
Historians argue the effectiveness of these programs, which were designed to stimulate the economy and create jobs, but there is no argument they flew in the face of FDR's and the Democrats' promises to reduce spending and downsize government.
While teenage readers may not readily pick up the book for pleasure reading, people with a special interest in FDR, WWII, or politics will enjoy it.
Mellanox Technologies Ltd (Nasdaq:MLNX), a supplier of high-performance, end-to-end interconnect solutions for data centre servers and storage systems, announced on Monday the selection by Zenovia Exchange, a real-time display media buying platform, of Mellanox's end-to-end FDR 56Gb/s InfiniBand solutions to further improve transaction speed and bid decisioning for ad buyers.
WORLDWIDE COMPUTER PRODUCTS NEWS-January 7, 2014-Mellanox FDR InfiniBand selected by Zenovia Digital Exchange to improve digital ad transaction quality and speed
The charge that not a single Allied bombing was diverted to attack Auschwitz, or the train tracks leading to it, stood as a black mark on FDR's otherwise extraordinary record.