Extrinsic motivation, the more popular model, refers to the force that pulls one forward by the power of some external benefit
or a tangible reward.
External productivity measures are by definition more difficult to develop, and will always be subject to criticism of the method of allocating some portion of external benefit
(usually economic) to an educational program.
2) A marginal external benefit
with a zero value at the market output is known as an infra-marginal externality.
The existence of an external benefit
is both a practical and legal question.
Positive externalities occur when an external benefit
is generated by the producer of a good but because there is no market for the externality the producer cannot get compensated for producing this extra benefit.
E] must represent the collectivity's marginal external benefit
for transplant kidneys.
Software compatibility in the PC industry (Chapters 2 and 3) creates a large external benefit
for any user, as anyone who remembers what it was like when Apple and IBM machines were still incompatible can tell.
occurs when a person or persons not directly involved in a transaction nevertheless receives benefit from it.
Thus, volunteer work may not be an external benefit
of education, possibly weakening the case for public subsidies by removing a frequently-used example of an external benefit
1] R/D teams, the total absorptive intracountry external benefit
Total quantity or scope: Wakefield Council are looking to appoint one or two providers for the provision of external benefit
processing of a) housing benefit and council tax support claims and b) for processing work associated with the issue of Council Tax bills.
They note that if the government were to negotiate drug prices for all Medicare beneficiaries, there would be no such external benefit
to younger consumers or to seniors enrolled in commercial plans.