Pakistan's Export Control Lists
are in harmony with those of the NSG, Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and Australia Group.
INKSNA sanctions were imposed on these entities and individuals because there was credible information indicating they had transferred to, or acquired from, Iran, North Korea or Syria, equipment and technology listed on multilateral export control lists
(Australia Group, Chemical Weapons Convention, Missile Technology Control Regime, Nuclear Suppliers Group, Wassenr Arrangement), or items that are not listed, but nevertheless could materially contribute to a weapon of mass destruction (WMD) or cruise or ballistic missile program, the announcement said.
China and the US jointly published the Technical Guidance on the Nuclear Export Control Lists
to help raise the expertise level of Chinese staff involved in nuclear export control.
The result is a myriad of organizations with overlapping responsibilities, employing various means and methods for tracking and reporting, administering differing levels of training, and even using different export control lists. Nonetheless, U.S.
(This will be addressed later in the article.) Nonetheless, this survey, along with numerous other studies, white papers, and articles, served to focus the spotlight on export control reform for the federal government--specifically, the drive for a single export control list, a single export licensing agency, a single information technology system, and a single export enforcement agency.
These include taking rapid action to fully implement the civil nuclear agreement; raising its caps on foreign investment; reducing barriers to defence and other forms of trade; enhancing its rules for protecting patents and other intellectual property; further harmonizing its export control lists
with multilateral regimes; and seeking closer cooperation with the United States and like-minded partners in international organizations, including the United Nations.
The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls on Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technology was "established in order to contribute to regional and international security and stability, by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus preventing destabilizing accumulations." Wassenaar establishes a list of military and dual-use commodities, on which its 39 participating states can base their own export control lists
(5) developing export and transshipment controls over items on multilateral export control lists
and items that are not on the lists but may contribute to the development, production or use of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and missiles;
office of CGWIC) Great Wall Airlines Missile Proliferation: August 15, (aka Changcheng Executive Order 13382 2006 lifted Hangkong) (unspecified transfers on December probably to Iran) 12, 2006 -- China National Weapons Proliferation: December 28, Electronic [section]3, Iran, North 2006 for two Import-Export Company Korea, and Syria years -- CATIC Nonproliferation Act -- Zibo Chemet (transfers controlled Equipment Company under multilateral export control lists
or having the potential to make a material contribution to WMD or cruise or ballistic missiles) -- CPMIEC Weapons Proliferation: April 17, 2007 -- Shanghai Non-Ferrous [section]3, Iran, North for two years Metals Pudong Korea, and Syria Development Trade Nonproliferation Act Company Ltd.
The State Department noted that it added in the Act's required report to Congress (a classified report was submitted on June 25) transfers of items that have the potential to make a "material contribution" to WMD, cruise missiles, or ballistic missiles, even if the items fall below the parameters of multilateral export control lists
. The DCI reported in November 2004 that, in the second half of 2003, PRC (and former Soviet and North Korean) entities continued to supply ballistic missile-related equipment, technology, and expertise to Iran, which is pursuing longer-range missiles.