design

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design

the process of translating a product idea into a product which can be produced and marketed on a commercial basis. Though design is a creative process it has economic consequences insofar as a product's shape, configuration and performance affect its marketability and its cost of production. In order to achieve high product variety without involving an excessive variety of components, designers often use common, interchangeable parts and design products on a modular basis.

In order to remain competitive, firms need continuously to review the design of their products in the light of new developments in materials and processes. The technique of VALUE ANALYSIS is used to identify possible sources of cost savings without impairing a product's performance. See COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN, NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Experimental Design Manager (EDM) interacts with the RM, via querying the database, to design an experiment utilizing a series of templates and CVs.
Issues related to bringing the laboratory to natural settings and constraints on experimental design are also addressed.
Survey of the quality of experimental design, statistical analysis and reporting of research using animals.
Anwar Ahmad explained the training comprised experimental design and data analysis, writing proposals adding that it is valuable for the teachers to gain more research projects in a befitting manner.
Abrishamkar, achieving the optimum conditions for the preparation of the experimental mixture in order to synthesize ZSM-5 nanozeolite by carrying out the least experiments was the cause of using Taguchi's experimental design.
Bio-Med QC is the leader in sterility control, utilizing advanced principles of microbiological experimental design backed by over 40 years of reference microbiology laboratory and sterility control research.
This allowed us to define a third experimental design to compare the effect of the face layer production process (sawn or sliced) on EWF made with a fiberboard substrate.
In short, other methods such as survey research and content analysis can help in developing hypotheses of a causal nature, while an experimental design can subsequently test those hypotheses.
This comprehensive book takes what can be difficult and confusing topics of statistics and experimental design and explains them in easily understandable terms, making it accessible to nearly every reader.
Experimental design answers questions of causation and is designed for replication of findings.

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