He added that the

expected rates of inflation are appropriate in the light of the stabilisation of real estate prices at acceptable rates compared to previous years, noting that the inflation is not expected to rise above the expected percentage except in cases of emergency rise of the global commodity prices, which will have repercussions on the domestic market.

Darby (1975), Feldstein (1976), and Tanzi (1976), in their empirical studies have shown that nominal long-bond interest rates, in the absence of tax adjustment, must change by more than the change in the

expected rates of inflation, after tax, for the real rate to be invariant.

While this may be true on average, long-term Blue Chip Consensus forecasts are only updated semiannually, and therefore some of the changes in the

expected rates of inflation may have been left in the RPDs and grouped with the inflation risk premium.

Lars Jonung, "Perceived and

Expected Rates of Inflation in Sweden," American Economic Review, vol.

In contrast with the idea that variations in nominal yields are principally the product of variations in expected rates of inflation, this paper finds evidence that real rates of interest were non-constant in all countries.

measured rates of inflation may have been biased estimates of the expected rates of inflation.

Only as they became convinced of sustained, lower rates of inflation, did they build these into lowered, expected rates of inflation and lower nominal rates of interest.

The virtue of net discount rate values is that they automatically adjust both G and K when

expected rates of inflation change.

But, in practice, expected rates of inflation are difficult to observe.

On the whole, the expected rates of inflation do not differ greatly from the realized rates.

Expected rates of inflation were more closely realized in this period.

Following Mullineaux (1978), rationality may then be tested by regressing the difference between the realized and expected rates of inflation, or the forecast error ([FE.