While Howard Marvel's free riding explanation of exclusive dealing
retains its prominence, other related free riding explanations have recently been offered, along with other efficiency based explanations.
Chapters also cover customer and territorial restraints, trying arrangements, exclusive dealing
and incentives to induce exclusive dealing
, and price discrimination and the Robinson-Patman Act.
Supreme Court has left standing an appellate court's decision that under the antitrust laws, a sales representative can challenge the exclusive dealing
requirements and territorial restrictions imposed by two furniture companies (Bassett Furniture Inc.
The Commission found that FEG "was operating a collective exclusive dealing
arrangement involving the FEG, the association of importers of such products in the Netherlands (NAVEG) and a large number of individual suppliers of such products".
The European Commission has stung the Dutch association of electrotechnical equipment wholesalers, FEG (the Nederlandse Federatieve Vereniging voor de Groothandel op Elektrotechnisch Gebied), as well as its biggest member, Technische Unie (TU), with fines for collective exclusive dealing
Irrespective of whether there was exclusive dealing
contract or an exclusive agency contract, the tenants could not unilaterally prevent the broker from performing its duties by dealing themselves directly with O&Y.
One popular way to frame the antitrust analysis of a vertical practice such as exclusive dealing
is to assess the probability that it serves efficiency.