(80) Hanioglu asserts, "Like Jean-Jacques Rousseau, he considered the principal aim of a republic was not to assure individual liberty but to give expression to the general will.'" (81) Ataturk favored Frances etatism
, though he also read the works of economist Charles Gide, who claimed to follow a liberal Keynesian economic model.
(49) Dilek Barlas, Etatism
and Diplomacy in Turkey: Economic and Foreign Strategies in an Uncertain World, 1929-1939, Leiden and New York, E.J.
Prior to the 1980s, Turkey had been economically governed by "etatism
," where the state owned, operated, and regulated vital industries.
(9) This experiment was interrupted with etatism
in the early 1930s in the wake of the global economic recession, which continued to determine the public policy discourse up until the transition to multiparty politics in the 1950s.
"Health Care Reform in the Netherlands: Balancing Corporatism, Etatism
, and Market Mechanisms." Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 20 (3): 615-52.
To make the trouble worse, there are two additional factors currently undermining the Arab state: One is a neo-liberal dogma, which generally preaches an end to etatism
and a free liberated, borderless corporate world.
Before 1980 the country adopted economic liberalism, etatism
, and import substitution industrialization policies, in that order.
For the distinctive characteristic of etatism
, like that of the sultanate, is personalized (legal and extralegal) power, which finds expression in the coercive and suppressive apparatus of the state and derives its legitimacy not from some formal (constitutional or even traditional) source, but from the reality and possession of power.
Then a modern republic of Turkey was set up by Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who became known as Ataturk (the father of the Turks) and imposed a Western-influenced secular ideology known as Kemalism and the concept of a nation-state called etatism
- as opposed to the Islamic concept of "the Umma" (God's nation under a theocracy or caliphate).
Kokkuvotvalt: Karjaharmi sonul oli Eesti poliitilises korras ja ametlikus ideoloogias totalitarismile iseloomulikke jooni: etatism
, riigi ning rahvuse asetamine uksikisikust korgemale, juhi pohimotte rakendamine ja riigipea primaat poliitilises susteemis, poliitiliste parteide tasalulitamine ning monopolierakonna protot uubi (Isamaaliit) olemasolu, integraalne rahvuslus, korporativism (kutsekojad), ideoloogiline kontroll ja tsensuur, riiklik propaganda, kaitseseisukorra reziim ning kodanikuoiguste kitsendamine.
At the economic plane, CHP claims to support the principle of etatism
After 50 years of etatism
, Romania is a country where the entrepreneurial culture new, and to the entrepreneurs suits "to a fit" the possibility to receive all know-how in a package and to be trained by the franchisors in all managerial areas implied by a new business.