81) Ataturk favored Frances etatism
, though he also read the works of economist Charles Gide, who claimed to follow a liberal Keynesian economic model.
49) Dilek Barlas, Etatism
and Diplomacy in Turkey: Economic and Foreign Strategies in an Uncertain World, 1929-1939, Leiden and New York, E.
9) For various political economy analyses concentrating on the theoretical and practical manifestations of Turkish etatism
, see Korkut Boratav, Turkiye'de Devletcilik (Etatism
in Turkey), (Ankara: Sava[section] Yayinevi, 1982); Yahya Tezel, Cumhuriyet Doneminin iktisadi Tarihi (Economic History of the Republican Era), (Ankara: Yurt Yayinevi, 1982).
1997), 'Turkey: From Etatism
to a More Liberal Economy', Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, 22(2), 165-184
For the distinctive characteristic of etatism
, like that of the sultanate, is personalized (legal and extralegal) power, which finds expression in the coercive and suppressive apparatus of the state and derives its legitimacy not from some formal (constitutional or even traditional) source, but from the reality and possession of power.
Then a modern republic of Turkey was set up by Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who became known as Ataturk (the father of the Turks) and imposed a Western-influenced secular ideology known as Kemalism and the concept of a nation-state called etatism
- as opposed to the Islamic concept of "the Umma" (God's nation under a theocracy or caliphate).
Kokkuvotvalt: Karjaharmi sonul oli Eesti poliitilises korras ja ametlikus ideoloogias totalitarismile iseloomulikke jooni: etatism
, riigi ning rahvuse asetamine uksikisikust korgemale, juhi pohimotte rakendamine ja riigipea primaat poliitilises susteemis, poliitiliste parteide tasalulitamine ning monopolierakonna protot uubi (Isamaaliit) olemasolu, integraalne rahvuslus, korporativism (kutsekojad), ideoloogiline kontroll ja tsensuur, riiklik propaganda, kaitseseisukorra reziim ning kodanikuoiguste kitsendamine.
At the economic plane, CHP claims to support the principle of etatism
After 50 years of etatism
, Romania is a country where the entrepreneurial culture new, and to the entrepreneurs suits "to a fit" the possibility to receive all know-how in a package and to be trained by the franchisors in all managerial areas implied by a new business.
The trend to stronger etatism
can be seen today in the European Union, which Conquest describes as an attempt to build a state from populations that have neither the historical nor ethnic qualifications for nationhood.
and xenophobia might have been predicted, since the Soviet Union was then embroiled in the Cold War.
26) As Chaudhry has convincingly argued, the etatism
of the 1950s to the 1970s blunted the emergence of a functioning market economy in the late-developing countries of MENA and elsewhere.