ergonomics

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ergonomics

or

human engineering

the study of the interface between people and technology with the objective of achieving a better ‘fit’ between the two. The twin objectives of ergonomics are the interrelated ones of improvements in efficiency and the provision of better working conditions. For instance, an ergonomist would be concerned to ensure that a typist's chair is of the right height to avoid back and arm strains. As well as minimizing employee dissatisfaction this would prevent productivity from being impaired by physical injury. In more complex technological environments the ergonomist is also concerned with the distribution of functions between human operators and the technology itself.

Ergonomics grew out of SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT, one strand of which was concerned with the development of technology that could be matched to the task in hand and to the human physique, and human factor psychology (see OCCUPATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY), which was concerned with the impact of environmental factors on work performance.

References in periodicals archive ?
1 3 CRUSHING Phase of LC: USE Danger zone: OPERATING AREA Expend persons: OPERATOR Operational state: MACHINING, ADJUSTMENT Description of CRUSHING DURING WORKPIECE CLAMPING WITH A CHUCK hazardous event: DANGER OF CRUSHING OF FINGERS OR PARTS OF HANDS Initial risk seriousness of S2--serious injury RISK health damage 12 Frequency and A2--frequent to length of threat: continuous Possibility of E3--hardly possible avoiding the hazard: Probability of W3--high hazardous event: STEP 1: MEASURES BUILT IN DESIGN THE DESIGN OF THE MACHINE RESPECTS THE ERGONOMICAL PRINCIPLES REDUCING THE POSSIBILITY OF INSERTING FINGERS OR PARTS OF HANDS BETWEEN THE MOVING PARTS.
With a steeply raked central front console and a prominent cowl over the main dials, there's a driver-orientated feel that's both ergonomical and attractive.
Individual Weir valves are loaded by manually operating a pendant raise/lower control to lower the carriage to an ergonomical height to allow product slings to be attached to the valve.
The laser is very close to the bore-axis and the ergonomics feel, well, ergonomical.
The U-Turn provides a user friendly, ergonomical concept which recharges its batteries using energy generated from the opening and closing of the keypad, while integrating an azerty keypad to simplify e-mail for professionals.
Continually in use for some 80 years on a German housing estate, it demonstrates the practical application of many modernist ideals in its pared-down forms, which are both elegant and ergonomical.
The cabin has an impressive new design aimed at being more ergonomical and functional.
Together with a light tip ejection force and ergonomical handle design, the use of mLINE reduces the risk of repetitive strain injuries (RSI).
Outfitted with wireless checkout features, these mobile registers are smaller and more ergonomical than traditional models and are fully functional once rolled onto the store sales floor.
It also has a rotatable cover that can be opened manually for fast and ergonomical weighing operations.
The ergonomical head and ball-joint design is available with a standard 35" or an extended 43" arm, allowing users to position the light exactly where it is needed.
Though the two do not necessarily exclude each other, ergonomical design has not become as popular as minimalist design.