The question is hard to answer, because the Soviet "era of stagnation
," the nearly two decades between the 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia and the launch of Mikhail Gorbachev's reforms, remains profoundly entangled with our understanding of the present.
Thank God the political cleansing has finally started to end this era of stagnation
started by Zia-ul-Haq the third Khaki dictator of Pakistan.
It became known as the 'era of stagnation
', and only seven years after Brezhnev died in 1982 the whole Communist empire in eastern Europe collapsed.
However, Halverson's revisionist narrative remains solidly embedded within the broader, now widely contested, "Golden Age" narrative, which views the history of Islam and Muslim societies as beginning with an age of great dynamism in the caliphate period, followed by a long era of stagnation
Obviously the hope is that he chooses the former, as the Russian economy is in need of deep seated structural reform, if it is not to face an era of stagnation
Largely devoid of movement, the photographs seem to reflect either a time of relative stability under developed socialism, or a bleak and repressive "era of stagnation
," depending on one's perspective.
South Carolina, the authors conclude, must abandon the "easy political posturing of seeing the answer to all problems in irresponsible tax cuts and the savaging of a public sector that creates the bulk of the state's human capital." It must invest "heavily and patiently" in education so that, instead of slipping into a new era of stagnation
and decline, its residents can attain "an American standard of living."
This has meant that some of Ukraine's leading paint companies, including Lomonosov Paint Plant in Dnepropetrovsk, Sumichimprom, and Lakma, which is based in Kiev, have had to delay plans to replace their technology, which, for the most part, was constructed during the 1970s "Era of Stagnation
" under Soviet President Brezhnev, and which is in desperate need of replacing.
Every period ruled by mystics was an era of stagnation
For example, both corporate funding and online giving to not-for-profit organizations have had double-digit growth since the early 1990s, the end of an era of stagnation
and regression for the arts under Reagan administrations.
Few industries have emerged from an era of stagnation
without undergoing major changes.
Botha's 'era of stagnation
' - from constitutional gerrymandering to the use of state hit-squads - it was to the journalism of Allister Sparks that one invariably turned.