has a broader scope, focusing on the impact of the war on terrorism--and prior periods of national security concern--on noncitizens.
Still, the temptation for sequestration receivers and judges to collapse the rather murky distinction between treason and enemy alien
status was strong.
In Gilroy, the government argued that the Executive's determination that an individual is an enemy alien
is final, even though it can be shown that the individual is a citizen.
The War Department put notices in all the post offices that required all Japanese, German, and Italian aliens to reregister with the government as "enemy aliens
." To this day, I can't believe they considered my mother an enemy.
presumption was that a resident enemy alien
was outside the protection
(131) The court concluded that the constitutional safeguards available to criminal defendants did not apply, noting that whoever "joins the forces of an enemy alien
surrenders th[e] right to constitutional protections." The Supreme Court did not have the opportunity to address the merits of the case, having dismissed the appeal per stipulation of the parties.
In 1939, US Representative Sam Hobbs of Alabama introduced legislation that would legalize the detention of "enemy aliens
" (a misleading term ultimately applied to all aliens from Axis countries) in camps under the jurisdiction of the US Department of Labor.
That category includes "Enemy Alien
," in which a Japanese- American filmmaker whose family was interned during World War II documents the detention of a Palestinian human rights activist; and a collaboration between young Israeli and Palestinian filmmakers on "Wajeh," a documentary about a man who sells coffee at a checkpoint near Ramallah and becomes a fixture in the lives of people who make the crossing daily between the warring countries.
But he was declared an "enemy alien
" and sent abroad - leaving the coins in a bank.
"But I also had to report every week to Steelhouse Lane Police Station because I was classed as an enemy alien
In England, he was arrested as an enemy alien
and sent to four different internment camps.
In its Boumediene decision, however, the Court by a 5-4 decision rejected earlier efforts of the political branches to define detainee policy, and for the first time gave to "an enemy alien
combatant detained outside the United States" the right to habeas corpus.