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Countries in the process of building market-based economies are broadly referred to as emerging markets. However, there are major differences among the countries included in this category.
Some emerging-market countries, including Russia, have only recently relaxed restrictions on a free-market economy. Others, including Indonesia, have opened their markets more widely to overseas investors, and still others, including Mexico, are expanding industrial production.
Their combined stock market capitalization is less than 3% of the worldwide total.