Due to a growth in the ivory export business in the 1970s and 1980s - what later came to be called the ivory wars - the total elephant population
of Africa decreased by half; up to one million elephants were killed for their ivory tusks to the point that the endangered animal appeared to be on the verge of extinction.
were plummeting in many areas, including in East Africa where Elmer Keith shot all of his elephants.
The countries that have established property rights (primarily in southern Africa) have experienced significant increases in their elephant population
By contrast, Botswana's elephant population
rose from 20,000 to 51,000 between 1979 and 1989, and Zimbabwe's elephant population
increased from 30,000 to 43,000 over the same period (Simmons and Kreuter 1989, 46) and stands at 60,000 to 80,000 today (McPherson and Nieswiadomy 1998, 2).
Because of the limited funding, proposed projects must provide for on the-ground activities that enhance elephant populations
in one or more countries.
For example, Somalia set its 1986 quota at 17,000 tusks, despite an estimated elephant population
of only 6000.
Since I was born we have lost 70% of Africa's elephant population
- 20,000 are being killed every year.
Although the sharp upward trend in illegal elephant killing observed since the mid-2000s, which had peaked in 2011, is levelling off, poaching levels remain alarmingly high and continue to far exceed the natural elephant population
growth rates, resulting in a further decline in elephant populations
The park's elephant population
had dropped by as much as 90 percent by 2001, for example, and though numbers are now growing, biologists report that older individuals seem to be suffering from a kind of pachyderm PTSD.
It is estimated that the current African Elephant population
is around 500,000.
First held in 2001 to raise funds for projects that better the lives of Thailand's elephant population
, it has grown into one of the biggest charitable events in the country, with this year's competition attended by teams from all over the world, celebrities and VIP guests.
The elephant population
in the area has been relatively stable, with 1,087 individuals counted in the year 2000, 1,090 in 2002 and 967 in 2007 compared to 1,266 in 2010, as per the last survey reports.