Eco-Dumping

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Eco-Dumping

The act of exporting a good from a country with new or poorly enforced environmental protection laws. These laws generally add to the cost of producing a good, so the export likely is much less expensive in an importing country than domestically produced goods of the same type. This can result in a large profit for the exporter. In addition to the costs to the environment (and the accompanying ethical questions), this can be detrimental to domestic business in the importing country. Many jurisdictions attempt to counteract dumping by setting up tariff barriers. See also: Dumping.
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Empresa vinculada a grupos multinacionais ou de carater local e uma variavel tambem ambigua, pois sendo pertencente a grupos multinacionais, a empresa tem que atender as instrucoes da matriz, que pode ser tanto favoravel a uma politica ambiental proativa quanto neutra, em casos extremos pode ate ocorrer ecodumping, ou seja, multinacionais mandam a tecnologias mais poluidoras para suas subsidiarias em paises com menores padroes ambientais, embora evidencias empiricas para isto sejam limitadas.
regulatory standards; the amount of the duty would be based on production cost savings enjoyed by foreign producers as a result of their nations' less stringent standards.(46) In order to make such duties consistent with international trade law, the exporting state's less stringent environmental requirements could be characterized as (1) an unlawful subsidy designed to lower its industry's production costs;(47) (2) a violation of antidumping laws, because the total social costs borne by consumers in the producing state, including pollution as well as ordinary product costs, are greater than the costs charged consumers in the importing state ("ecodumping"):(48) or (3) a form of unfair competition.(49) These proposals would seek to tax the pollution embedded in product imports.
Ecodumping extends this concept to a situation where the cost of a product includes not only the price of the product but th costs of the pollution created in manufacturing it.