The 2005 EDHS
reported that IM has declined by 19% over the five-year period preceding the survey from 97 to 77, while U5M has gone down by 25% from 165 to 123 deaths per 1,000 live births.
The slight increases in odds of institutional deliveries, doctor-assisted deliveries, and childbirth in private institutions support recent trends in Egypt seen in EDHS
findings for 2009-2014.
results calculated using a constant EDH
of 19.2 m from three small-boat profiling measurements during the IBD module.
These categories were the following: SDH, EDH
, CTX, t-SAH, and multiple trauma; included in the last category were injuries that comprised 2 or more types of TBI, most commonly consisting of combinations of SDH, CTX, and t-SAH.
These baseline variables included patient age, gender (male/female), ethnicity (Hispanic/nonHispani, white, African American, Asian, Middle Eastern, other), primary diagnosis (traumatic brain injury, closed head injury, cerebral contusion, concussion, SDH, EDH
, intracranial hemorrhage, intracranial hematoma, diffuse axonal injury, intraparenchymal hemorrhage/bleed, SAH, aneurysmal SAH, acute ischemic stroke), mechanism of injury (fall, motor vehicle accident, struck pedestrian or object), presence of ocular or facial injury (yes/no), and admission Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score (total GCS on admission to ICU).
Overall, there were 65 (41.4%) cases of extradural haematoma (EDH
), 42 (26.8%) cases of acute subdural haematoma (ASDH), 29 (18.5%) cases of cerebral contusions and 21 (13.4%) cases of intra-cerebral haemorrhage (ICH).
In-Depth Analysis of the EDHS
2000-2011, UNFPA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2012.
A range of information was extracted from the Mini EDHS
including (i) sociodemographic and economic characteristics (child's age, child's sex, birth order, preceding birth interval, ANC visit, maternal marital status, maternal educational status, maternal age at first birth, size of household, head of household, region of residence, and wealth index).
These areas were selected because they had among the country's highest rates of chronic malnutrition, as evidenced by the 2008 Egypt Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS
) and other available data; they were among the hardest hit by the recent economic downturn (i.e., areas that had high rates of poverty); and they had lower health indicators than other sites (e.g., rates of contraceptive prevalence, antenatal care and delivery by skilled providers).
2003; Gertler and Vermersch 2013; EDHS
2005 & 2011; Uchimura and Jutting 2009; Azfar and Gurgur 2008).
This finding is below the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS
) 2011 report, which showed that among women aged 25-49, 62 percent start sexual intercourse before age of 18 .
(2) The statistics of female genital mutilation (FGM) are so astoundingly high: "The recent 2008 Demographic Health Survey in Egypt (EDHS
) reported that the FGM/C prevalence rate among women from ages 15-49 is 91.1 percent, but 74 percent among girls age 15-17." (62) As UNICEF rightly points out, female genital mutilation/cutting "is a violation of girls' and women's human rights." (63)