However, at ECns
of 1.5 dS [m.sup.-1], under replacement with SAW and SW, after 14 DAS, the pH was lower than 5.5, reaching 5.2 at the end of the cycle.
Moreover, with the rise in discount brokerage and the proliferation of ECNs
, commission costs are likely lower than we estimate.
stands for electronic communications network, a facility that matches customer buy and sell orders directly through a computer.
(4) The growth of ECNs
results in fragmented market and reduces the benefit of consolidation.
In this sense, the lack of vertical hierarchies and the deregulation of ECNs
involve that a priority organizational objective for their sustainability is cohesion and articulation.
ArcaEx was an ECN
launched in 2002 and which in 2005
Harty, For Whom the Bell Tolls: The Demise of Exchange Trading Floors and the Growth of ECNs
, 33 Iowa J.
Saxo Prime's DMA functionality is built on MarketFactory's FX Aggregator, providing a single Application Programming Interface (API) for normalized connectivity to major market making banks and Currency Electronic Communication Networks (ECN
By aggregating liquidity from multiple sources, including electronic communication networks (ECNs
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The prepared CNs were epoxidized by reaction with epichlo-rohydrin to produce epoxidized cardanol-formaldehyde novolacs (ECNs
The BT Radianz Managed Infrastructure serves the needs of banks, brokers, investment managers, exchanges and electronic communication networks (ECNs
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