(84.) Burley & Mattli, supra note 35, at 62; see also RASMUSSEN, supra note 53, at 247 (explaining the ECJ's campaign to educate national judges through all-expense-paid informational conferences).
See generally BILL DAVIES, RESISTING THE EUROPEAN court OF Justice (2012) (providing a more general account of development of the relationship between the ECJ and the German courts).
First, the ECJ reasoned that the level of protection must be assessed according to the rules in the country as well as the practices to ensure compliance with the rules.
Second, the ECJ found that the commission's Safe Harbor decision improperly limited the independence and authority of the DPAs.
said in a statement no allowance could be made to protect attendances at matches on Saturdays.
The European Institutions (Commission and ECJ
) were given the task by the treaties to ensure that these principles were upheld.
The case then went before Austria's Supreme Court, which upheld the initial ruling, but asked the ECJ
to rule on whether the injunction could be extended to apply to other postings with similar content worldwide.
In June 2018 the Advocate General of the ECJ
handed down his decision in Flightright GmbH v Iberia Express,  EUECJ c-186/17_O (Case c-186/17) ("Flightright").
Lord Neuberger, who stands down as Supreme Court president next month, told the BBC: "If (the Government) doesn't express clearly what the judges should do about decisions of the ECJ
after Brexit, or indeed any other topic after Brexit, then the judges will simply have to do their best.
(9) In fact, the current United Kingdom Prime Minister, Theresa May, set the ability to remain in the common market as a high priority but has demanded that Brexit require the removal of the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice ("ECJ
") over such matters as the free movement of workers requirement.
French conservative candidate Francois Fillon, who lost in the first round of presidential voting, hailed the ECJ
ruling as "an immense relief" to companies and workers that would contribute to "social peace."
decisions have a political dimension and concern fundamental principles.