Depending on the presence of recipient bacteria, these processes generate either eARB or pARB (Figure 1, processes 1 and 2).
In addition, selection pressures for subsequent proliferation of eARB may be higher in these hot spot environments (Brandt et al.
In addition to a huge diversity of eARB hazards, there are several pathogens that could be evaluated in microbial risk assessments: a) foodborne and waterborne fecal pathogens represented by Campylobacter jejuni, Salmonella enterica, or various pathogenic E.
However, as noted above for processes 1-5, (Figure 1), an important difference for ARB is the need to account for the phenomena associated with selective environmental pressures for the development of ARB, and ultimately that form the human infective dose of either eARB or pARB.
More traditional routes of human exposures to contaminants that could include eARB and pARB are drinking water, recreational and irrigation waters impacted by sewage and/or antibiotic production wastewaters, food, and air affected by farm buildings and exposure to farm animal manures, as discussed by Pruden et al.
Notice that the media operations of the proposed EARBS and its broadcast ranges will also cover peoples living in the Swahili-speaking Eastern Congo, northern Zambia, northern Malawi, northern Mozambique, southern Somalia and parts of Southern Sudan and southern Ethiopia where there exists populations that speak or understand Kiswahili.
With the services of the EARBS in place, more people will be able to directly participate through interactive media sessions in establishing a people's federation whose birth, model and future will be determined by the people themselves.
But we must also support the creation of the East Africa Regional Broadcasting Service (EARBS) which will ensure our common right of access to public information.