Res Judicata

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Res Judicata

In law, a case that has already been decided and is no longer subject to appeal. A res judicata case prohibits litigants from bringing up the same matter repeatedly. For example, res judicata disallows creditors from trying to collect a debt after it has been discharged in bankruptcy. The term is Latin for "a thing judged."
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The court explained, "The doctrine of res judicata is interpreted stricti juris, and any doubt regarding compliance with its requirements is to be resolved in favor of the plaintiff.
70) Once in federal court, Exxon moved for summary judgment alleging that the doctrine of res judicata barred the trust class plaintiffs' claims based on the consent decree.
The legal doctrine of res judicata was correctly found by the Colorado court to provide that an existing final judgment in a court of competent jurisdiction is conclusive of the rights of the parties in any subsequent litigation on the same claim, and applies where there is identity of subject matter, identity of claim, and identity of parties to the action.
We have explained the doctrine of res judicata as follows: "A judgment on the merits rendered in a former suit between the same parties or their privies, upon the same cause of action, by a court of competent jurisdiction, is conclusive not only as to every matter which was offered and received to sustain or defeat the claim, but as to every other matter which might with propriety have been litigated and determined in that action.
Under the judicial doctrine of res judicata, when a court has entered final judgment on a cause of action, the parties to the suit are bound by this judgment with respect to every matter that was offered and received in support of or in opposition to the claim or demand and any other admissible matter that might have been offered for that purpose.
For instance, the doctrine of res judicata is one principal method by which a prior federal judgment is protected in subsequent state actions and may obviate the need for federal intervention into state court proceedings.
The district court dismissed the case under the doctrine of res judicata.
Like the law of the case doctrine, the doctrine of res judicata enforces finality by discouraging relitigation of issues previously decided.
Ordlock was to limit the application of the doctrine of res judicata, not to limit the application of community property laws.
39) Alternatively, even if the appellant-wife had not submitted the affidavit of support in the divorce proceedings, "the end result is the same because the appellant's claims were still barred by the doctrine of res judicata.
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