In roads, there is a diseconomy of scale
, as several narrower roads function much better than one wide road.
This diseconomy of scale
in the companies' innovation activities is related to a significantly lower innovation productivity in large pharmaceutical companies.
In the context of MENA, escalating project costs stemmed from the concurrent inflation of the main price components of EPC therefore, to the IEA s input factors, one should add contractors margins, project risk premiums and the cost of excessive largeness, with the implication of diseconomy of scale
due to delays and cost overruns.
Conversely, the results also suggest that fishermen might be in a diseconomy of scale
situation, which can be turned around by offering bigger boats or other productive technologies.
(The main exception was the South, where segregation caused a diseconomy of scale
that made the county the default school district and required greater state control to keep blacks out of local governance.) They are the nation's most truly "organic communities." Local consolidation advocates in the last century repeatedly used that term.
There is a tipping point where higher output results in higher production costs: a diseconomy of scale
. Taking on huge debt can trigger a diseconomy of scale
and lead to economic ruin for small producers.
One possible explanation of this apparent anomaly is that the increasing economies of scope observed in public IHEs between undergraduate education and research and graduate education overwhelm the product-specific diseconomy of scale
. Another explanation, not grounded in cost efficiencies, is that state legislatures base appropriations to public universities on undergraduate student enrollment figures, such as FTEs.
The second regression model finds that for every 1% increase in total regional population above the mean for Ontario, total environmental expenditures increase by 1.1%, pointing to the presence of a mild diseconomy of scale
. Combined, these results suggest that there is a diseconomy of scale
in the provision of environmental services in Ontario.
Evidence substantiated a diseconomy of scale
function, as costs increased steadily with agency size.
While the district spends more than the statewide average per pupil, its size presupposes a diseconomy of scale
. "Everything is done on a shoestring here," Welle sighs.
A diseconomy of scale
became apparent when I analyzed data from the American Hospital Association's 1982 Guide to Hospitals.
An elasticity of 1.12 between environmental expenditures and population size suggests a slight diseconomy of scale
in the provision of environmental services.