This diseconomy of scale in the companies' innovation activities is related to a significantly lower innovation productivity in large pharmaceutical companies.
The diseconomy of scale in the innovation process creates problems for the large pharmaceutical companies to fill the holes in their portfolio of drugs when the drugs run out of proprietary.
In the context of MENA, escalating project costs stemmed from the concurrent inflation of the main price components of EPC therefore, to the IEA s input factors, one should add contractors margins, project risk premiums and the cost of excessive largeness, with the implication of diseconomy of scale
due to delays and cost overruns.
Conversely, the results also suggest that fishermen might be in a diseconomy of scale
situation, which can be turned around by offering bigger boats or other productive technologies.
The main exception was the South, where segregation caused a diseconomy of scale
that made the county the default school district and required greater state control to keep blacks out of local governance.
Taking on huge debt can trigger a diseconomy of scale
and lead to economic ruin for small producers.
One possible explanation of this apparent anomaly is that the increasing economies of scope observed in public IHEs between undergraduate education and research and graduate education overwhelm the product-specific diseconomy of scale
Combined, these results suggest that there is a diseconomy of scale
in the provision of environmental services in Ontario.
Evidence substantiated a diseconomy of scale
function, as costs increased steadily with agency size.
While the district spends more than the statewide average per pupil, its size presupposes a diseconomy of scale
A diseconomy of scale
became apparent when I analyzed data from the American Hospital Association's 1982 Guide to Hospitals.
12 between environmental expenditures and population size suggests a slight diseconomy of scale
in the provision of environmental services.