This program of national revival increasingly estranged her from continental Europe's more dirigiste
They did not understand the advantages of constructive dissent and preferred to live in denial under dirigiste
rule in a hostile political environment.
In their survey of the industrial, infrastructural, and legal frameworks underpinning Hollywood's global hegemony, Toby Miller and his co-authors consider the way Hollywood's laissez faire neo-liberal economics are seen to oppose (and consequently help define) the dirigiste
national cinema model of state protection and financial support (Miller et al 3-4).
Furthermore, the many theorists who created a seemingly "new development economics" provided the intellectual basis for the complex system of dirigiste
controls on "anything that moved" (as one wit put it) in a market economy.
Public policies that provide an open, enabling, competitive market environment, that work with, rather than against, market-based preferences, and that limit direct government intervention to market failures have a much higher success rate in democratic societies than do dirigiste
Indeed, for many opponents of the free market, Vichy offered an unhopedfor opportunity to put many of these dirigiste
principles to the test.
response, or at minimum a dirigiste
strategy, before the Chinese assume ownership and control of all the world's resources.
Among others, the French formerly had a dirigiste
Whereas the EU is a direct descendant of the Coal and Steel Community, which coded free markets and the free movement of peoples into the DNA of modern Europe, modern Russia is increasingly dirigiste
and tends to still command its strategic industries.
An important economic policy variation is between more dirigiste
regimes (Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan) and more liberal regimes (the Kyrgyz Republic or Mongolia).
Their research is expanded by Jakubowicz who compares the 'polarized pluralist' media system model of the Mediterranean countries with post-communist countries and finds out some similarities: late democratization, insufficient economic development, weak-rational-legal authority combined with dirigiste
State (Jakubowicz 2008b:47).
After decades of planned reforms to Syria's dirigiste
economy, Assad's Baath party finally pledged its commitment to developing a market economy in 2005.