The liberal economic spirit they advocate is alive and well in Eastern Europe and the United Kingdom, with recently elected French president Nicolas Sarkozy advocating more economic liberalism and less dirigisme
. The Future of Europe provides both a thoughtful argument in support of this trend and ample statistics of the dangers of blocking meaningful reforms to the Western European economic model.
* the MDGs can be met without dirigisme
in politics and state command over the economy;
Indeed, in 1962 Macmillan described his desired approach to economic renewal as "creative dirigisme
." (12) But rpm's eradication seemed a measure hatched out of the policy thinking of economic liberals, designed as it was to extend the scope of freely determined prices.
In France, Tocqueville, who is completely at odds with the national tradition of dirigisme
, is a minor intellectual figure.
The development model that largely prevailed from the 1950s to the 1980s and that was characterized by non-democratic, authoritarian dirigisme
, and social engineering aimed at "modernization" has indeed been washed away by the tide of history.
(Incidentally, there are far more independent bookshops in the land of Colbertian dirigisme
than there are in the homeland of Smithian free enterprise where, in the name of competition, bookselling has been almost entirely consolidated into one or two enormous chains.
Holland and England were the earliest beneficiaries, but even Louis XIV's France underwent a profound transformation under the dirigisme
of Jean-Baptiste Colbert.
Le choix informe de la methode d'alimentation par les femmes seropositives, recommande par les directives ONUSIDA/OMS/UNICEF, etait compromis par les conseils donnes, le dirigisme
des consultations, le manque de temps pour faire face a un test positif de depistage du VIH et le suivi insuffisant, quelles que soient les circonstances socio-economiques des femmes.
The French word "dirigiste" is an adjective derived from the noun "dirigisme
." To any educated French person, and to students of French history, the word is very familiar.
John Zysman defines developmental states as non-Anglo Saxon state regulations, strong-state technocratic dirigisme
, corporatist structures.