Regarding the relationship between the performance on the Hayling test and the other neuropsychological tests in people with AD, significant negative relationships were found between the RTs in the automatic condition and the semantic and phonemic fluency tests (p < .05), between the RTs in the inhibition condition and the semantic fluency (p < .05), digit span
(p < .01), digit ordering (p < .01), Corsi direct (p < .01) and Corsi inverse tests (p < .01), and between the error scores on the inhibition section and the semantic fluency (p < .05) and alpha span (p < .05).
The VFT and the Digit Span
Memory Test were the second and third most used tests, respectively.
After the selection of subtests a try out phase was conducted to shortlist items from each complex subtest (Digit Span
, Paired Associate Learning Test, Block Design, Non-Verbal Learning Test) on the basis of difficulty level.
There were significant differences between two groups in Trail Marking Test, the forward Digit Span
Test, the backward Digit Span
Test, the total score of Digit Span
Test, Auditory Verbal Learning Test, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test's number of responses, number of sorting, number of correct responses and the rate of correct responses, Verbal Fluency Test, Semantic Similarity Test and the reaction time of Stroop Color-Word Test.
Forward digit span
scores increased significantly from 6.4 [+ or -] 1.8 to 7.2 [+ or -] 1.8 points (p < 0.001) after the CEFP session, and averaged a median 119.2% (95% CI, 7.8-26.4) of baseline (left panel, Figure 1A).
Maximum score is 16 and 14 in the forward and backward digit span
On the contrary, the MSNQ-I was correlated significantly with performance on the Verbal Fluency, the Greek Verbal Learning, and the Digit Span
A-B-C-A design; MoCA: Montreal Cognitive Assessment; CDR: Clinical Dementia Rating; GDS: Geriatric Depression Scale; TMT: Trail Making Test; DST: digit span
Koppitz (24) developed Visual Aural Digit Span
Test but it has the limitation and reduction of errors, to eliminate these GISD-B form was developed.
The following tests were carried out on the subjects (study and control) in a relaxed state and privacy was given utmost importance: Rye's auditory verbal learning test (AVLT), verbal fluency test (VFT) and working digit span
test (WDST) to assess short-term memory, visual reproduction test (VRT), and validation span test (VST) were used to assess working memory.