Deterministic models

Deterministic models

Liability-matching models that assume that the liability payments and the asset cash flows are known with certainty. Related: Stochastic models.
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"This approach sets aside those deterministic models of nonlinear propagation, in favor of a low-complexity black-box model of the fiber, generated by machine learning algorithms.
Deterministic models, on the other hand, are in general less exhaustive.
In contrast, most deterministic models have the flaw that infections can fall to very low levels--well below the point at which there is only one infected individual only to rise up later [17].
Finally the corresponding deterministic models are obtained from the estimated parameters and the average infected levels are plotted in Figure 4.
Deterministic models calculate received signal power based on the actual properties of the environment [16] [40], meanwhile probabilistic model calculates variance of received signals that allows obtaining true received signal from a range of values [17][19].
For the deterministic models, future condition of pavement section was predicted as the exact serviceability value or pavement condition index with the previous information of the pavement.
The first one concerns deterministic models (see, e.g., [9, 12, 13]).
Several deterministic models are presented, but in the majority of cases the use of techniques is developed under uncertainty.
Meanwhile, nonisotropic models such as deterministic models that analyze the obstructions (terrain, foliage, buildings, antenna height, etc.) in the path profile into computation are proven to be closely matched with the real-measured path loss [15-18].
The last issue to model stochastic epidemic system is to perturb around the positive equilibria of deterministic models (see, e.g., [1, 8, 9] and the references cited therein).
More deterministic models like the ones that now exist for crop insurance, are starting to emerge and new entrants are offering both risk prevention (not just loss protection) and a more service-oriented delivery model.
They aimed at the integration of the 'archives of nature' (tree-rings, speleothems) as well as 'archives of humans' (chronicles, supplications) in order to challenge deterministic models of human-environment interaction.

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