Determinism


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Determinism

Fully ordained in advance. A deterministic chaos system is one that gives random looking results, even though the results are generated from a system of equations.

Determinism

In economics, the theory that occurrences are caused directly by other occurrences, and that economic agency by individuals plays little or no role. For example, a company's success occurs because social and economic pressures cause its products to be demanded, and not because of any marketing strategy its management devises. Determinism is associated with Karl Marx, who believed in the importance of historical analysis in explaining economic phenomena. However, some Marxist analysts have rejected that Marx taught economic determinism.
References in periodicals archive ?
The contemporary relevance of critiques of technological determinism should not be understated.
Let us start from analyzing the claim made by Beebee that, given the possibility of time travel, prepunishment is as compatible with libertarian free will as it is with compatibilism; Beebee argues that, since travelling into the future enables us to establish conclusively that a given person has committed a crime, what really lends plausibility to the notion of prepunishment is not determinism but perfect predictability.
Such a complex view of causation is compatible with determinism--though not a version of determinism that threatens conceptions of freedom in the way that versions which depend on simple views of causation can.
W.'s kindest efforts at rescuing will to safeguard morality, personal responsibility, and the legal system occur in his last chapter where he dubs conscious will the "mind's compass," one's "authorship emotion." Indeed, venturing forth from his behaviorist enclave, he writes almost like a phenomenologist about the experience of human will before concluding with his sworn allegiance to behavioristic determinism.
(2) "Symbolic violence" against women (292-293) was justified on the basis of myths camouflaged as natural truths, making it easier to conceal the real violence of the biological determinism that forcibly enclosed women's lives.
In both their determinism and their compatibilism, the Stoics strike readers today as extremely modern in their philosophical orientation, and their concerns seem continuous with those expressed in modern debates about the compatibility of free will and determinism.
Standing in the great tradition of Tocqueville and Burckhardt, he combines probity and courage in his "censorial inspection" of modern progressivists and positivists; in his opposition to the ravaging forces of historical determinism, materialism, mechanism; and in his emphasis on the need for religious understanding in the concomitant search for historial understanding, or as Congdon writes in the two last sentences of his discerning reconsideration regarding Lukacs's basic preoccupations: "It is to help others to remember, or to come to know, an earlier and better time.
Prefaced by the assumption that each counseling theory's philosophical position on the age-old free will versus determinism debate constitutes a primary component of meaningful analyses of that theory's empirical evidence as well as that theory's primary explanation of causal factors of human behavior (Goodman, 1998), the free will issue continues to be an important area of investigation and an indispensable component in theory development.
In what is surely to be a hotly contested argument, Dennett challenges the idea that determinism implies inevitability.
This book tackles a vast array of problems in science, ranging from the origins of apparent randomness in physical systems, to the interplay between free will and determinism. Wolfram writes with clarity and illustrates his points with thousands of original pictures, which allows scientists and non-scientists to enjoy what could be an intellectual revolution.
This led author 2 to conclude that the article had a more objective perspective than he had originally considered and he decided to draw out examples of realism, positivism, nomothetism and determinism. Author 1 noted the positivism and determinism in the article, but also noted that the second methodological device in the article was more anti-positive and ideographic in nature, as it asked respondents to `form metaphorical expressions describing entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship' (Burrell and Morgan, 1979: 17).