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the process of translating a product idea into a product which can be produced and marketed on a commercial basis. Though design is a creative process it has economic consequences insofar as a product's shape, configuration and performance affect its marketability and its cost of production. In order to achieve high product variety without involving an excessive variety of components, designers often use common, interchangeable parts and design products on a modular basis.

In order to remain competitive, firms need continuously to review the design of their products in the light of new developments in materials and processes. The technique of VALUE ANALYSIS is used to identify possible sources of cost savings without impairing a product's performance. See COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN, NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT.

Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson
References in periodicals archive ?
Criteria: Within this design challenge, the students are expected to use the technological design process and document their ideas in a STEM notebook by describing their proposed prototype to use solar energy as a way of providing light to their structure.
Overall, while the study identified that a combination of these methods will contribute to a more effective design process, physical mock-ups, specifically, were the most effective design communication medium for achieving the desired results.
Design for manufacturability and test (DfM/DfT) is far more challenging late in the design process. Similarly, field repair or programming update considerations need to be factored into the design.
Once the design process in complete, our construction process relies on solid relationships with the most skilled workers in the high country, a keen sense of detail and of course, the scrupulous use of our Project Management Modeling (PMM) process which includes advanced virtual 3D models of every aspect of the structure and finishes while providing impeccable fabrication and construction supervision.
The conceptual design process, based on Barnwell's work, consists of seven steps, several of which are returned to iteratively to obtain an appropriate conceptual design that can meet the initial requirements.
The use of the IED method in a refurbishment design process could start with an elaborate simulation.
A very important skill for us to teach our students is that of understanding the design process. This skill is vital, as it teaches students to break down a problem, research potential resources and solutions, propose a solution, and undergo the iterative process of refinement.
In knowledge demand model of collaborative design process, it includes updating knowledge module set; updating knowledge module set mainly includes the adding of knowledge module and deleting of knowledge module.
Holly Haber reflected on the importance of the soft skills she learned: "During this design process, in addition to my technical knowledge, I have developed my soft skills.
Porter, a professor of theatre and the resident designer in the Theatre Program at Fairfield University in Connecticut, has spent 20 years teaching undergraduate students about the design process. She wondered why some students were thriving and others floundering.
SPRINGFIELD - Springfield Public Schools is continuing the new Hamlin Middle School design process with a series of community forums.

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