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the process of translating a product idea into a product which can be produced and marketed on a commercial basis. Though design is a creative process it has economic consequences insofar as a product's shape, configuration and performance affect its marketability and its cost of production. In order to achieve high product variety without involving an excessive variety of components, designers often use common, interchangeable parts and design products on a modular basis.

In order to remain competitive, firms need continuously to review the design of their products in the light of new developments in materials and processes. The technique of VALUE ANALYSIS is used to identify possible sources of cost savings without impairing a product's performance. See COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN, NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Big Idea for this lesson is: "The engineering design process is a systematic, iterative, problem-solving method that produces solutions to meet human wants and desires.
There are many diagrams and guides to help us guide students through the design process.
This book aims to develop an understanding of these issues as a means of facilitating design process improvement.
At the same time, the entire design process is shortened.
The elaborate and highly integrated design process conducted by BA at Waterside has deliberately linked decisions about the physical environment with inventing a new business culture intended to motivate people and to make the best possible use of information technology.
Our attempt is to allow the creative design process to take place while concurrently applying downstream tooling, processing and cost constraints.
Its data-centric architecture, together with a comprehensive data model tuned to meet aerospace demands, manages the data in a form that allows management and reuse along the entire design process.
As a major component in simplifying the overall design process, the System Generator for DSP tool now also allows designers to insert ChipScope Internal Logic Analyzer (ILA) probes directly into the system model to debug and verify internal signals within the FPGA at or near system operating speeds.
In a properly fast tracked project, each of the phased bid packages are as complete, coordinated and deficiency free as they are when a conventional design process is utilized.
Using innovation to promote a user-centered design process while addressing practical constraints, Leslie Tudor and Julie Radford-Davenport

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